More than 300,000 tons of waste batteries per year illegally dumped lithium battery recycling puzzle


  Author :Iflowpower – Portable Power Station Supplier

"I don't know where these batteries go, the hawker is collected, who is the price high?. "Recently, in a low-speed electric car distribution store in Weifang City, Weifang City, Shandong Province, the owner said that. In the face of a large amount of abandoned dynamic lithium-ion batteries, it is not just ordinary people, even if the industry's old rivers and lakes can't answer it.

Weifang City is the first largest low-speed electric vehicle in my country, which has made Shandong Province have become the country's largest low-speed electric motor production in the country. This store is only the size of Weifang City, the large low-speed electric car distribution. One of the stores in the store, the vehicles sold in the store use lead-acid batteries.

According to the related experience of the past, the boss means that consumers can come to the store to repair the store to repair the store, or sell it directly to the hawker, but as for the battery direction, it is not known. "An old battery is about 100 yuan. Whether it will have a waste of waste,.

"The person said. Just as Jinbao Street, which is not far from Minsheng Street, there is a recycling outlet that is directly connected to the manufacturers - Weifang New Energy Automobile Service Center, important responsibility Qi Rui, than Devin, Lessing three new energy automobile companies, Including maintenance, battery recovery, etc. "The battery is broken or expired, the owner can come here, you can also call us to do the old-to-door, we will send the waste battery to the manufacturer.

"A person in charge of Weifang New Energy Automobile Service Center told reporters. According to this person in charge, in terms of battery recycling, they are the first-class outlets of Weifang's brands. Weifang also sets a smaller secondary battery recovery point.

These sites will return the recycled battery to the first-level outlet, and then send back to the manufacturer by the first-level outlets. Walking into the repair shop of the recycling outlet, put a few labels under the table, "Tianneng", "Super Wei" box. "The recycling battery is not sloppy, even the box will send the box when sending a new battery, and it is wrong.

"In fact, not only" Tianneng "," Super Wei "two companies, currently dynamic lithium-ion battery companies Ningde Times, Sandton, etc., all cities in the country are slowly establishing a powerful lithium-ion battery recycling network. "Weifang should be the most formal place to do in the country.

"The local electric motor company told reporters. However, the gradually improved recovery system is not completely blocked by the dynamic lithium-ion battery to flow to the small workshop, but to form a dynamic lithium-ion battery recovery system in the country. "The lead-acid battery market is recyclable, most discarded batteries have flowed into individual merchants.

"A people who know each other pointed out. In the field of dynamic lithium-ion battery recovery, it is not only trapped in technology development issues, but also the company reflects now "a single loss one single", which is developed into a vicious circle. 300,000 tons of lead-acid batteries each year illegally dumped "More than half of the lead-acid battery is flowed in the hand.

"In an interview with reporters, the Secretary-General of my country's Lithium New Energy Industry International Summit Forum Organizing Committee said that. As the largest lead-acid battery manufacturer in the country, Zhang Tian, ​​Chairman of Tianneng Group, studied the recovery of batteries, and I feel very headache for this issue. "In my country's 3.

3 million tons of waste battery, the proportion of regular recovery is less than 30%. "In this year, Zhang Tianshi said in an interview with a reporter. As a representative of the National People's Congress, Zhang Tianshi has launched the chaos in the recycling of dynamic lithium-ion battery during the two sessions, and proposes to enhance lead-acid battery recovery supervision motion.

Then, 70% remaining - Where is the lead-acid battery outside these free in a regular recovery system? "Most lead-acid batteries have flowed into the hands of walking street sanctuary. Their handling mode is relatively simple, directly put the acid in the battery, only keep the most valuable lead plate, then sell the lead plate to illegal Disposal company. "Yu Qing tells reporters.

This type of recovery not only causes waste of lead resources, but the tax loss, the impact on the environment is huge. One of Weifang's local people who don't want to be famous also told reporters that some local illegal small workshops will even throw these lead ingots into open-air furnaces, when they are burned, they will fall everywhere. "I didn't dare to deal with it in this past few years, but the secret is still a lot.

"" "Three no 'smelting company has low comprehensive utilization rate, generally only 80% to 85%, up to 90%, leading to about 160,000 tons of lead every year in illegal smelting process, my country's annual taxation is therefore lost Nearly 15 billion yuan. Zhang Tian said. And a large number of lead in the absence of regulatory, flooding into air, water, soil resources.

"The amount of abolition of waste battery is rising year by year.". "According to Zhang Tianshi, the information submitted in the" two sessions "motion this year, the output of lead-acid batteries in my country reached 22.

4 billion kVah, and the waste battery extent was also as high as 3.3 million tons. According to the "13th Five-Year Plan" plan for the battery, my country's battery production will reach 350 million kVah in the next five years.

So why there are formal channels, but the small workshop still defeat the regular recycling system in the small workshop? What is the attractiveness of the small workshop? "When I acquired abandoned batteries, we generally be done in old-to-new ways. We purchase ordinary consumers when you get old batteries. This is no tax ticket, but it is necessary to pay value-added tax when making products.

There are 20% of the big profit between buy and sell, and pure profit is basically taxed! "A battery recycling company is said to reporters. The so-called taxation refers to the Ministry of Finance and the State Administration of Taxation, in the "Notice on the Collection of Coating and Consumption Tax" on January 26, 2015: "Since February 1, 2015, Will collect consumption tax on all kinds of batteries (some batteries are exempted), in production, commission processing and import link, the applicable tax rate is 4%. "Among them, the battery has received consumption tax from January 1, 2016.

In his opinion, it is because there is no tax, there is no environmental protection and other production facilities to invest. Those "small workshops" often can attract waste batteries with higher acquisition prices. "The bigger the bigger (regular company) is not profitable, and the small workshop lives very well.

"From now on, the recycling rate of lead-acid batteries is relatively high, because the regular manufacturers will be better, but other lithium-ion batteries, such as lithium-ion batteries, because there is a technical difficulty, and the recovery price will be relatively low. Zhang Tianshi also repeatedly mentioned the unreasonable place in the existing battery consumption tax in the case of submitting the "two sessions", and revealed the backward production of illegal recycling ', helping to effectively solve the environmental pollution of existing battery industries; The battery also levies the consumption tax and environmental protection tax, which does not meet the national taxation fair principles, which also caused repetition. "He suggested exemption or differentiation of impact storage battery consumption tax.

"After the 2011 National Nine Committee jointly rectified the lead-acid battery industry, the large lead-acid battery company has strengthened the environmental protection of the production. However, the legislation and supervision of the battery recovery link is relatively scarce, which cannot stop lead-acid batteries from flowing to small workshops. "In the Qing Dynasty.

In the year, my country has set off a nationally rectified for a national lead-acid battery industry. Since then, the original 4,000 lead-acid batteries produce, less than 100 people reserved. "With the increase of electric vehicles, the rectification of the dynamic lithium-ion battery recovery link has been imminent.

"An industry insider pointed out. The "Ice and Fire" of the battery is as mentioned above. If we say that the lead-acid battery flows to the small workshop is still there, then the lithium-ion battery that is about to usher in a peak is difficult to escape, and the situation is even worse.

It is understood that electric vehicles may be scrapped in 5 to 7 years, while a large number of scraps are expected to begin in 2018. According to the forecast of my country's Automotive Technology Research Center, by 2020, my country's accumulated scrap dynamic lithium-ion battery will reach 120,000 to 200,000 tons. The construction of recovery markets created by metal from cobalt, nickel, manganese, lithium, iron and aluminum, and aluminum, etc.

, in the industry, will exceed 5.3 billion yuan in 2018. More than 10 billion yuan in 2020, 2023 waste The power lithium-ion battery market will reach 25 billion yuan.

At present, BYD, Beiqi New Energy, Chery and other new energy automobile production companies, Ningde Times, Bike Battery, Greenmeal, Sandton New Energy and other lead-acid battery manufacturers and Tianneng, Chao Wei and other lead-acid batteries, also I have already laid out in the field of battery recycling. One wave of Hunan Sandton New Energy Co., Ltd.

introduced to reporters that there are three current recycling channels, including the national sanitation outlets, recycling systems of community street layouts, online back-offline renewable resources channels, and 4S store online network platforms. In the battery area, BYD has developed to a set of self-recovery systems. "We temporarily, temporarily renewed, and then recycled it to BYD recovery points; we will pay attention to big customers, including specialties such as maintenance, maintenance, etc.

There is also the duties of battery temporary; finally we will reclaim different states to the corresponding factory. "BYD related person in charge tells the economic observation reporter. But in this field, there is still lack of mandatory binding, and it is important to drive from the company.

At present, in the recovery of electric vehicle power storage, an important use of producers' responsibility extension systems, electric vehicle production companies, power storage batteries and rails use batteries, should assume important responsibility for the recycling and utilization of their production and use, scrapped Car recycling dismantling company should be responsible for recovering the power battery on the scrapped car. However, there is no compassion on the recycling of the recycling of the recycling of the recycling of the recycling power, the main plant, the battery factory, and the dismantling plant have not found the main plant, battery factory. "In actual recycling business, different manufacturers' dynamic lithium-ion battery structure is different, and the material system is different, which makes the recycling difficulty and increased recovery costs.

Although it can be treated with integrated recycling, this way is difficult to recover. Do a good job in the recycling of power lithium-ion battery, but also through the recommendation of the unified standard system, unify the power lithium ion battery standards; and increase the basic technology in the field of promoting lithium-ion battery recovery. ".

"The government will promote the corresponding local companies in demonstration cities to do battery recycling through corresponding financial subsidies, and then the way to form a natural choice after the design. "The person in charge of BYD mentioned above believes that this is currently more pragmatic. However, in the view of the Wenyi, the way financial subsidies have not sustainable.

Through tax regulation, regular companies have received more abandoned batteries. Zhang Tianshi also suggested that the government should formulate and implement power lithium-ion battery recovery rewards and punishment measures. For example, a penalty for companies that have not fulfilled the responsibility obligations of the recycling policy, and the battery recycling company and the battery are subsidized according to the number of batteries, capacity, etc.

, and implement tax benefits.

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