Power battery recycling 'to receive a single loss ", develop a malignant circulation

2022/04/08

  Author :Iflowpower – Portable Power Station Supplier

In the field of power battery recycling, it is not only trapped in technology development issues, but also enterprises reflect "a single loss", which is developed into a vicious circle. "I don't know where these batteries go, the hawker is collected, who is the price high?. "Recently, in a low-speed electric car distribution store in Weifang City, Weifang City, Shandong Province, the owner said that.

In the face of a large number of abandoned power batteries, it is not only ordinary people, even if the industry's old rivers and lakes can't answer it. More than 300,000 tons of battery is illegally dumping the power battery recycling problem to be broken Weifang City is a large low-speed electric vehicle aggregation, which makes Shandong Province have become the country's largest low-speed electric vehicle production in the country. This store is only Weifang Minsheng Street.

The size of many low-speed electric car distribution stores in the brand, the vehicles sold in the store use lead-acid batteries. According to the experience of the past, the boss means that consumers can also come to the store to repair shops, or sell them directly to hawkers, but as for the battery direction, they do not know. "An old battery is about 100 yuan.

Whether it will have a waste of waste,. "The person said. Just as Jinbao Street, which is not far from Minsheng Street, there is a recycling outlet that is directly connected to the manufacturer - Weifang New Energy Automobile Service Center, mainly responsible for Chery, than Devin, Le Ding three new energy automobile enterprises after-sales service, Including maintenance, battery recovery, etc.

"The battery is broken or expired, the owner can come here, you can also call us to do the old-to-door, we will send the waste battery to the manufacturer. "A person in charge of Weifang New Energy Automobile Service Center told reporters. According to this person in charge, in terms of battery recycling, they are the first-class outlets of Weifang's brands.

Weifang also sets a smaller secondary battery recovery point. These sites will return the recycled battery to the first-level outlet, and then send back to the manufacturer by the first-level outlets. Walking into the repair shop of the recycling outlet, put a few labels under the table, "Tianneng", "Super Wei" box.

"The recycling battery is not sloppy, even the box will send the box when sending a new battery, and it is wrong. "In fact, not only" Tian Can "," Super Wei "two companies, current power battery companies in Ningde Times, Sandton, etc., all cities across the country, are slowly establishing a power battery recycling network.

"Weifang should be the most formal place to do in the country. "Local electric car company high-level" reporter. However, the gradually improved recovery system is not completely blocked to the road to the small workshop, but to form a power battery recovery system in the country.

"The lead-acid battery market is recyclable, most discarded batteries have flowed into individual merchants. "A people who know each other pointed out. In the field of power battery recovery, it is not only trapped in technology development issues.

300,000 tons of lead-acid batteries each year illegally dumped "More than half of the lead-acid battery is flowed in the hand. "In an interview with reporters, the Secretary-General of China Lithium New Energy Industry International Summit Forum said that. As the largest lead-acid battery manufacturer in the country, Zhang Tian, ​​Chairman of Tianneng Group, studied the recovery of batteries, and I feel very headache for this issue.

"In my country's 3.3 million tons of waste lead batteries generated every year, the proportion of regular recovery is less than 30%. "In this year, Zhang Tianshi said in an interview with a reporter.

As a representative of the National People's Congress, Zhang Tian served as a chaos in the recycling of power battery during two consecutive years, and proposed to strengthen lead-acid battery recycling supervision motion. Then, 70% remaining - Where is the lead-acid battery outside these free in a regular recovery system? "Most lead-acid batteries have flowed into the hands of walking street sanctuary. Their handling mode is relatively simple, directly put the acid in the battery, only keep the most valuable lead plate, then sell the lead plate to illegal Disposal.

"Yu Qing tells reporters. This type of recovery not only causes waste of lead resources, but the tax loss, the impact on the environment is huge. One of Weifang's local people who don't want to be famous also told reporters that some local illegal small workshops will even throw these lead ingots into open-air furnaces, when they are burned, they will fall everywhere.

"I didn't dare to deal with it in this past few years, but the secret is still a lot. "" The "three no 'smelting enterprises are low, generally only 80% to 85%, up to 90%, leading to about 160,000 tons of lead every year in illegal smelting process, my country's annual taxation is therefore lost Nearly 15 billion yuan. Zhang Tian said.

And a large number of lead in the absence of regulatory, flooding into air, water, soil resources. "The amount of illneatration of waste lead batteries is growing year by year. "According to Zhang Tianshi, the information submitted in the" two sessions "motion, as of 2015, my country's lead-acid battery production reached 22.

4 billion kVah, and the waste lead battery production was also as high as 3.3 million tons. According to the "13th Five-Year Plan" plan for lead storage batteries, my country's lead battery production will reach 350 million kVah in the next five years.

So why there are formal channels, but the small workshop still defeat the regular recycling system in the small workshop? What is the attractiveness of the small workshop? "When I acquired abandoned batteries, we generally be done in old-to-new ways. We purchase ordinary consumers when you get old batteries. This is no tax ticket, but it is necessary to pay value-added tax when making products.

There are 20% of the big profit between buy and sell, and pure profit is basically taxed! "The person in charge of a battery recycling company said. The "Notice of the State Administration of Taxation" issued by the Ministry of Finance and the State Administration of Taxation on the January 26, 2015: "Since February 1, 2015, it will All kinds of batteries collect consumption tax (some batteries are exempted), in production, commission processing and imported links, the applicable tax rate is 4%. "Among them, the lead battery is acquired from January 1, 2016.

In his opinion, it is because there is no tax, there is no environmental protection and other production facilities to invest. Those "small workshops" often can attract waste batteries with higher acquisition prices. "The bigger the bigger (regular company) is not profitable, and the small workshop lives very well.

"From the current perspective, the recycling rate of lead-acid batteries is relatively high, because the regular manufacturers will be better, but other such as lithium batteries, etc., because there is a technical difficulty, the recovery price will be relatively low. Zhang Tianshi also repeatedly raised the unreasonable place in the existing battery consumption tax in the "two sessions" motion, and revealed that "the backfall of the illegal recycling" Dish Recycling 'is helpless to effectively solve the environmental pollution of existing lead storage battery industries; The lead battery is also imposed on consumption tax and environmental protection tax, which does not meet the national taxation fair principles, which also caused repetition.

"He suggested exemption or differentiation of levy levy battery consumption tax. "After the 2011 National Nine Committee jointly rectified the lead-acid battery industry, large lead-acid battery companies have strengthened the environmental protection of production. However, the legislation and supervision of the battery recovery link is relatively scarce, which cannot stop lead-acid batteries from flowing to small workshops.

"In the Qing Dynasty. In the year, my country has set off a nationally rectified for a national lead-acid battery industry. Since then, the original more than 4,000 lead-acid batteries producers, the final reserved less than 100.

"With the increase of electric vehicles, the rectification of the power battery recovery link has been imminent. "An industry insider pointed out. As mentioned above, if we say that the lead-acid battery is still in the predicament of the lead-acid battery to the small workshop, then the lithium battery that is about to usher in the peak is difficult to escape, and the situation is even worse.

It is understood that electric vehicles may be scrapped in 5 to 7 years, while a large number of scraps are expected to begin in 2018. According to the forecast of China Automotive Technology Research Center, by 2020, my country's accumulated scrap power battery will reach 120,000 to 200,000 tons. Industry estimation of recycling markets created from metal, tank, nickel, manganese, lithium, iron and aluminum, etc.

in waste dynamic lithium batteries, will exceed 5.3 billion yuan in 2018. More than 10 billion yuan will be more than 10 billion yuan in 2020.

Lithium battery market will reach 25 billion yuan. At present, BYD, Beiqi New Energy, Chery and other new energy automobile production enterprises, Ningde Times, Bike Battery, Greenmei, Santon New Energy and other lead-acid battery manufacturers, etc., it has already been Battery recycling field has been layout.

One wave of Hunan Sandton New Energy Co., Ltd. introduced to reporters that there are three current recycling channels, including the national sanitation outlets, recycling systems of community street layouts, online back-offline renewable resources channels, and 4S store online network platforms.

In the battery area, BYD has developed to a set of self-recovery systems. "We temporarily, temporarily renewed, and then recycled it to BYD recovery points; we will pay attention to big customers, including specialties such as maintenance, maintenance, etc. There is a duties of battery temporary; Finally we will recover different batteries to the corresponding factory.

"BYD related person in charge tells the economic observation reporter. But in this field, there is still lack of mandatory binding, mainly driving from enterprises. At present, in the recovery of electric vehicle power storage battery, the manufacturer's responsibility extension system, electric vehicle production enterprises, power battery production enterprises and rails use battery manufacturers, should assume the main responsibility of the driving battery recycling and utilization of their respective production and use, scrapped Car recycling dismantling enterprises should be responsible for recovering the power battery on scrapped car.

However, there is no compliance with the scrap power battery and the country without compulsory requirements, the main plant, the battery factory, and the dismantling plant have not found the appropriate operation mode. "In actual recycling business, different manufacturers' dynamic battery structure is different, and the material system is different, which makes the recycling difficulty and the cost of recovery. Although it can be treated with integrated recycling, this way is difficult to recover.

Do a good job in power battery recycling, you must also adopt a unified standard system, unified power battery standards; and increase the basic technology in the field of driving battery recovery. ". "The government has passed the corresponding financial subsidies to promote the corresponding local enterprises in the demonstration city to do battery recycling.

After the design of the model effect is formed, the market is naturally selected. "The person in charge of BYD mentioned above believes that this is currently more pragmatic. But in the picture, the way of financial subsidies is not sustainable.

Through tax regulation, regular enterprises receive more abandoned batteries are the solution to the problem. Zhang Tianyi also suggests that the government should formulate and implement power battery recovery rewards and punishment measures. For example, a penalty for companies that have not fulfilled the responsibility obligations in the recycling policy, subsidize battery recycling enterprises and battery reuse companies according to the number of batteries, capacity, etc.

, implement tax benefits. .

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