Author ：Iflowpower – Portable Power Station Supplier
After more than 10 years of development, my country's new energy cars have entered the expressway. According to the data of the Ministry of Public Security, as of the end of 2020, my country's new energy vehicle has a total number of 4.92 million, close to 5 million markings.
At the same time, this year's new energy cars ushered in "opening the door", the marketing pace is constantly accelerating, there is a predictive, this year, my country's new energy auto production is expected to reach 1.8 million vehicles. It corresponds to the rapid rise of the guarantee and new cars.
It is a new energy vehicle in 10 years ago. my country's new energy vehicle development really enters the stage of paying attention to the full life cycle of the product. From 2014, my country's new energy vehicle production and sales started to rise.
Data show that 2015 to 2020, my country's annual power lithium-ion battery installed volume increased from 16GWH to 63.6GWH, with an annual composite rate of over 50%. From the life of the dynamic lithium-ion battery, the life of the lithium-ion battery is generally 5-8 years, and the effective life is 4 ~ 6 years.
If the useful life of 4 to 6 years, the power lithium-ion battery produced in 2014 began to enter the retired period in 2018. It is expected that my country will usher in the first batch of powerful lithium-ion batteries from 2021. However, the reality is that the recovery of the power lithium-ion battery has become a "difficult" problem, many power lithium-ion batteries, regular recycling companies, even in the face of "no battery available".
Many dynamic lithium-ion batteries are not known after retiring, and even without authoritative data is available for inquiry. Some practitioners revealed that the leading company's dynamic lithium-ion battery recovery did not get 30% of the total retired battery, and a large number of batteries flowed to informal channels, and has formed a industrial chain, chaos, which were not conducive to environmental protection, more It is possible to affect social security. In fact, only the illegal recovery of a large number of retired dynamic lithium-ion batteries, re-investment low-speed electric vehicles, two-wheeled electric vehicles, charging treasures after simple disassembly, and is popular in the market.
This simple recycling, it seems that the value of retired dynamic lithium-ion batteries is large, but it causes great safety hazards. In the process of illegally recovering dismantling or even reassembling, the security performance of these batteries does not have any guarantee, and various security incidents that occur during use are greatly threatened. It should be pointed out that there is no shortage of scrap recycling of the power lithium-ion battery, the national and industry level has issued relevant management methods, and has made some work, encourage and regulate the retired dynamic lithium ions in the top design, standard management.
Battery recycling and reuse. However, in front of the interests of reality, the policy is difficult to play its effect. The author believes that the recovery of retirement dynamic lithium-ion batteries is inseparable, and the relevant departments must strengthen supervision, strict law enforcement, and increase punishment, let illegal recycling efforts.
In order to let the retired battery recycling and use the development of healthy and orderly development tracks. To regulate the recycling of the dynamic lithium-ion battery, we must first improve the admission threshold for recycling company, guide new energy car companies, and lithium-ion battery production companies to cooperate with companies with reluctance of lithium-ion battery qualifications, and severely hit waste Battery sells no qualified company or second-hand distributor without disposal ability. Secondly, in order to curb the illegal recovery of retired dynamic lithium-ion batteries from the source, on the basis of the extension of the manufacturer's responsibility system of the automobile production company, consider the recycling fund management system in the field of home appliances, the means of administrative punishment + fund management, let Producers have obtained income from formal recycling channels, and severely punishment for not responsible.
Scientific and effective management system, superimposed strict reward and punishment measures, help the dynamic lithium-ion battery recycling into the right track. my country's related power lithium-ion battery has long implemented the "ID card" coding system. As long as all producers, users, recycles are strictly implemented in strict implementation according to relevant systems, and the retrospective is not difficult.
The key should be seen by the industry. Determination and execution of management. Let the responsible have income, let the illegal people are punished, maybe in order to fundamentally solve the problem.
This year, the government's work report clearly put forward, to speed up the construction of a dynamic lithium-ion battery recycling system. The author believes that in this system, strict regulation is indispensable. There is a policy, no implementation, lack of supervision, policy is a paper empty world.
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