2025 decommissioned dynamic lithium battery will reach 780,000 tons, recycling urgent way!

2022/04/02

  Author :Iflowpower – Portable Power Station Supplier

With the new energy car policy, the Dongfeng supported by the new energy vehicle policy, whether it is the new power of the car, or the old car enterprise, all in force of new energy vehicles. Data show that due to the end of May, domestic new energy car ownership has reached 5.8 million, accounting for about 50% of the global new energy vehicle.

In the future, with the addition of various cars, new energy vehicles will continue to rise. Behind the huge volume, the retired battery is a huge problem with two-sided, and the new energy vehicle volume has a high-speed environmental pollution problem. Recently, Xu Shuyi, former Chairman of Beiqi Group, said in the 13th my country Automotive Blue Book Forum: According to the battery life of 8 years, to around 2025, my country will usher in the peak of the dynamic lithium battery retirement.

In addition, there is a domestic research institution predict that the total amount of retirement of my country's dynamic lithium battery reached approximately 200,000 tons. It is expected to have 42 million tons of dynamic lithium batteries in 2022 to recycle, and the number will rise to 78 in 2025. Ten thousand tons, when the electric car is completely replaced by the fuel truck, this quantity will continue to increase annually.

It must be stated that even if it has increased environmental concepts in recent years and the implementation of environmental policies, it is basically eliminated using mercury and cadmium, and it is no longer like advertising slogans. "One battery can make a square kilometer land loss Value "is serious. However, lithium-ion batteries commonly used by electric vehicles are in case of improper treatment, and they still have great pollution to the environment.

Electric vehicle dynamic lithium battery, nickel, cobalt, manganese, etc., hexafluorophosphate in electrolyte, lithium hexafluorophosphate is easily hydrolyzed in air environments, and hydrogen fluoride and other harmful substances, which brings a huge threat to the environment. It's more serious that if you are dealing with a bad battery, then the "New Energy Car Protection Environment" is a full-parent issue.

How to deal with the battery? Retired power lithium batteries, the best destination is recycling, depending on the scrap level, it can be divided into ladder utilization and regeneration. Typically, the lithium iron phosphate ion battery that is scrapped from the car will generally be utilized by the ladder, while the three-dimensional lithium ion battery is highly dangerous in dangerous components during various aspects, usually directly put into regeneration utilization. For example, BYD has established a cooperative relationship with Tie Tower, and the recycled BYD battery will be stored in the base station.

The Mercedes-Benz has established a special joint venture in 2015, and deployed in the secondary use of the energy storage battery. On June 18, BMW indicates that according to the different states of these batteries, identify whether to continue to use these batteries as electricity storage, or to continue to use on the forklift of Shenyang Factory, or professional company after disassembly by raw materials The company reuses metal raw materials. In addition, including SAIC, Wuli, Geely and other car companies are actively deploying the driving lithium battery recovery.

Although policy guidance, there are still many problems that the power lithium battery recovery is not an easy task. Even since 2015, the relevant ministries of the relevant ministries of the State, standardizing the development of the boot dynamic lithium battery recycling industry, while proposing car companies as a responsible subject for the recycling of dynamic lithium batteries. About battery recycling, the company is important to face three challenges: battery health disassembly, unknown battery health, low economic benefits.

With regard to some car companies and battery manufacturers, the recycling battery is actually a burden, because the economic benefits of the ladder use are relatively low, and many car companies are not willing to recycle retired batteries. Therefore, there are industry experts suggest that recycling of dynamic lithium batteries, to strengthen the responsibility of the producer. With the pressure on the decommissioning battery, the policy is increasing, and the policy is constantly improving.

For example, October 10, 2020, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology disclosed the "New Energy Automobile Power Battery Ladder Using Management Measures (Draft for Comment)", in the article, the ladder is encouraged to use the company and new energy vehicle production, power battery production and scrap motor vehicle recycling Demolition and other company agreement cooperation, strengthen information sharing, using existing recycling channels, efficient recycling of used power storage batteries for ladder utilization. On June, this year, the "Method of Executive Extension Extension Extension of Automotive Products Producer" issued by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, once again clarified that the vehicle enterprise should be responsible for the main body responsibility of the driving lithium battery recovery. A series of policies announced that the state's determination of the resolution of dynamic lithium battery recycling and ladder utilization market chaos, clarifying the powerful lithium battery recovery responsibility for car companies, will enhance channel control.

Write in the final: Borrow Xu Shengyi to end: In the high-speed development stage of the past, we may pay more attention to the production and sales volume of the car. The more you better; in the high-quality development stage, we must pay more attention to the production and use of the final scrap recycling. Carbon emissions, the less better, from more to less ideas, is the new bureau for my country's auto industry.

Only the recycling of the power lithium battery is solved, and the initial heart of new energy cars has not been forgotten.

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