What are the advantages and disadvantages of the battery? Battery application and maintenance

2022/04/08

  Author :Iflowpower – Portable Power Station Supplier

With the development of new energy vehicles, the demand for electric energy is also improved. More and more consumers have faced the need for a car battery for the car, while different cars and people are different. 1 Working principle of battery storage battery storage power supply, battery is a device consisting of two substances and electrolytes having conductivity differences.

Battery can store and release electrical energy by an electrochemical reaction. In a typical lead-acid battery, each cell has a voltage of 2 volts, a total of 6 cells, a 12 volt voltage. When any of the load to be electrically connected, such as broadcast, when connected to the battery, the positive and negative end post will immediately form a circuit, thereby current.

Most people don't realize that the lead-acid battery is running in a continuous charge and discharge state. When the battery is connected to the device to be electrically, such as the automotive engine, the current is output from the battery. At this time, the battery starts discharge.

When the car is in operation, the generator is powered to the battery, the battery is in the charging process. When the battery is discharged, the active material reaction on the plate is more active. In the end, the power is exhausted, and the current cannot be output.

You can charge the battery of the loss, a fully chargeable battery, can be charged at any time. The unique charge and discharge process of lead-acid batteries means that electrical energy can be repeatedly stored and released. This is also a well-known battery cycle capacity.

2 Important uses of car batteries Power supply to the starter motor, ignition system, and other equipment when the engine is started. In addition, when the engine is not running or the power generation system output cannot meet the power of the electrical power, the battery can be used in one or time. In addition to the car start, the battery is related to a lot of electrical appliances, such as headlights, lighting, wiper, speakers, navigation, etc.

The battery can stabilize the voltage of these electrical appliances, preventing voltage fluctuations from working abnormal or damage. When the engine is not running, the power of all electrical appliances on the car is supplied by the battery. When the engine is at a low speed, idle, and the output of the power generation system does not satisfy the power of the electrical power, the battery will assist the generator to replenish the electrical appliance.

3 cars can't start properly? Important reasons for battery loss, power generation system failure, can not charge normally, causing battery loss; battery power has been fired by car computer, anti-theft system, etc.; battery has lost storage capacity (failure). Start loops include starters, engine, etc.

The ignition system is like a spark plug, can't fire, etc. Oil road oil road clogging, etc. Temperature extremely low battery capacity is greatly reduced, and the engine has increased the battery supply greater starting power due to the oil viscosity of the oil.

This is very difficult to cut your head. How to deal with? When the battery is unable to start the car, we usually refer to the battery without electricity. However, from the technical point of view, this expression is inaccurate.

Because when the battery is used due to continuous use of the lamp or engine damage, it can also achieve full power by charging. However, when the battery reaches the life of the life, the battery is the true meaning of the actual sense, it must be replaced. If the battery is just a loss, it is not damaged, it can be charged by lapting another full battery.

Alternatively, the car starts about 30 minutes, the engine can also make the battery full of electricity. However, if the engine or electrical system parts are damaged, the battery cannot be recharged, and the repairman and service station are also helpless. Therefore, if the battery continues to discharge, please check the electric vapor system before replacing.

Sometimes, due to the problem of electrical systems instead of battery itself, the battery cannot be charged. If there is a component damage in the electric vehicle system, it will cause the new battery to continue to consume, so that you are constantly caught in trouble. 4 Factors affecting battery life In addition to the design and manufacturing quality of the battery product itself, the actual life of the battery is related to many factors.

Regions with high temperature conditions, the actual service life of the battery will be significantly short. The output voltage of the generator will cause excessive charging, and the pressure is insufficient. The driving habit of the owner When the engine is not running, use the electric appliance on the car for a long time, or often forget the appliance.

Error adaptation of optional capacity is too low to shorten service life. The long leakage of vehicle leakage will seriously change the burden on the battery, which greatly shortens the service life. 5 How to replace the battery? Select the battery, in addition to choose a well-known brand battery for life, temperature difference and earthquake resistance, and choose from the specifications and performance parameters of the battery.

The battery size battery is also a boss. If you buy a fat man, you can't make it unfortunately, so you need to check the physical specifications of the new battery when you purchase the battery, try to choose the same size as the original configuration size. Battery.

Two performance values ​​CCA (cold start current) and C20 (battery capacity index). The battery capacity index C20 (in time is safe), reflects the storage capacity of the battery, the larger the number, the greater the battery capacity. Cold start current indicator CCA of the battery, reflecting the instantaneous start of the battery.

Checking the battery factory date battery is life, so you must be carefully serious and then serious when choosing a battery! It is essential to perform professional voltage detection for new batteries before loading, ensuring that the open circuit voltage of the battery is over 12V of the normal state, and the power is full. Battery Terminology Appendix ► Adsorption Fiberglass Sipboard AGM Battery is a battery that uses adsorption fiberglass separator technology, which represents the development trend of today's and future storage batteries. ► Substrate layer When charging the battery, a high density acid occurs.

Under the use of gravity, high density sour is on the bottom of the battery, while the low density is low in the top of the battery. This acid hierarch can cause battery power loss and / or battery failure. ► The active material in the active material positive electrode plate is a lead, and the active material in the negative plate is a sponge lead.

When the circuit is turned on, these materials will react with sulfuric acid when charging and discharging, according to the following chemical reactions: PBO2 + PB + 2H2SO4 = 2PBSO4 + 2H2O. ► Battery box with battery packs, connectors and electrolytes. ► Battery charger device for battery supply electrical energy.

Product announcement: battery charger. ► Battery test battery test refers to a test of a charging condition and an electrolyte liquid surface of a lead battery containing a liquid electrolyte. Charging status depends on the measurement of acid density.

► The power fully charged battery (hour) has a predetermined amount of electrical energy (Ampei, AH) capabilities during the specified current (ampere, a). ► The basic device of electrochemical current in single single single, consists of a set of positive electrode plates, a negative electrode plate, an electrolyte, a separator belt, and a housing. 12V's lead-acid battery has 6 monograph.

► Charging receiving capacity battery in a predetermined temperature, voltage, and charged charging current value (represented by time) within a certain period of time. ► Path followed by circuit current flow. Closed circuit is a complete path, there is an open circuit and open circuit.

► Cold start rated value under the conditions of 0 ° F (-17.8 ° C), the lead-acid battery can end for 30 seconds, and the voltage of each battery remains at least 1.2V.

About the operation of the snow motorcycle battery is very important. ► Battery shells with panels, cables and electrolytes polypropylene or hard plastic shell. ► Corrosion liquid electrolyte and the destructive chemical reaction of the reaction material, such as dilute sulfuric acid on the iron, etc.

, there is corrosion. ► Cycle in the battery, one discharge plus a recharge is equal to a cycle. ► Depth discharge battery is sufficiently discharged when the current is low, so that the voltage drops below the final discharge voltage below the final discharge voltage.

► Discharge When the battery is current, the battery is being discharged. ► Electrolyne solution in the battery, the electrolyte refers to sulfuric acid diluted with water. Electrolyte is a conductor, supply water and sulfate, electrochemical reaction: PBO2 + PB + 2H2SO4 = 2PBSO4 + 2H20.

► Long-term loss during attenuation. ► The fault battery is not based on the state of operation. There are several forms in failure.

► A state in which a permanent fault battery or battery is low-charged. ► The reversible fault uses special electrical procedures or by re-adjusting the fault status. ► Final charging current The final charging current refers to the current at the end of the IU charging operation (bubble flow).

► The final discharge voltage final discharge voltage refers to the allowable voltage level that the battery or battery can be discharged. If there are a variety of batteries (such as lead, Ni / CD, NIMH batteries, etc.), discharged to this cutoff voltage (depth discharge) may affect or (by polar reversal) damage electrochemical cells.

►Chemally convert the initial charging of the active material into a state of charge (such as PBSO4-> Pb (-) and PBO2 (+), etc.). ► Frame battery grid outer reinforcement.

►Grid partition is positive, the spacer between the negative plate allows ions to pass. ► Bench voltage of the ground circuit. In the car, the battery line is connected to the body or frame, as the path of the full circuit, the straight line of the alternative part.

Today, more than 99% of automotive and light transport vehicles are used in the negative terminals of the battery. ► High current charging current intensity is higher than 1C charging. ► High current discharge current strength is above 5C discharge.

► Impedance AC circuits on the electrical resistance, consisting of reactance and ohmic resistance. ► The initial charging of the initial charge refers to the first charging process after incubating the electrolyte in the pre-charged battery. The purpose is to make the battery or battery reach the initial full full power.

► The initial temperature is started to discharge or charge, the electrolyte temperature in the battery. ► The initial voltage of the initial voltage battery refers to the working voltage at starting discharge. It is usually measured as soon as possible after the current flow time is sufficient to maintain the voltage stability, for example, 10% of the previously charged battery.

► Ohmic resistance of internal resistance batteries. ► The current flow resistance of the validated internal resistance battery is shown as a battery pressure drop with the discharge current. This value depends on the battery constructor, charging state, temperature and life.

► Insulation resistance insulation resistance refers to the electrical resistance between the battery or battery and the material / ground (motor vehicle body, frame). ►JIS Specification PowerSports Battery Test in accordance with JIS specification; in this case, use JISD53022004 version specification. The Japanese industry standard specification uses SLI batteries for motorcycles.

This standard specifies the type, structure and test of the battery, including the type, structure and test in the latest version of the valve-controlled battery (VRLA), and also specifies the test method. ► Carbon black is used as a fine toner of the negative electrode wire material component, which is 0.5%.

► Lead (PB) a chemical element belongs to heavy metals (specific gravity is 11.341g / cm³). Used in the form of divalent and / or quadric compound (PBSO4 or PBO2), a porous sponge lead as an active substance, and lead or lead calcium alloy in lead battery grid.

► Battery a battery, wherein the electrodes are important from lead, and the electrolyte consists of dilute sulfuric acid. Product announcement: automotive battery category. ► The lead tetravalent levene (PBO2) of the cells is present in the formation process, and the active substance of the positive lead electrode is formed.

Color: dark brown. ► Lead (lead) a non-divalent form of lead (PBO), two modified forms: orthogonal crystal yellow high temperature modification and positive crystal red modification. Active lead material.

► The compounds of the positive electrode plate and the negative electrode plate of the lead battery during the lead battery (PVSO4) discharge. It is a product of a chemical reaction of a chemical reaction of sulfuric acid and a positive electrode of a positive electrode or a negative electrode. ► Non-oxidation residual lead in the lead plate of free lead (metal lead).

See Curing. ► Lead alloy in the grid used in lead calcium alloy-free maintenance lead cells. Usually the calcium content is about 0.

08%. ► Lead coating parts The metal parts of a thin metal lead protective layer by galvanizing on the surface. ► General term (lignin sulfuric acid or dehydrate sulfate) of lignin non-cellulose wood ingredients.

Lignin is an important component of negative electrode wire material additives, which is 1%. Sold in the name of Norwegian lignin. ► Load Description Full rechargeable current (unit: ampere) capable of loading in a specified time and the specified temperature, and the voltage does not fall to a predetermined cutoff voltage or less.

► Low current charging current intensity is only slightly higher than the current intensity required for self-discharge loss compensation. ► Low current discharge current discharges below 0.1c.

► Mechanical casting plate grid or small part with automatic or semi-automatic casting process. ► Keep the battery battery by the constant voltage charger of the low charging voltage (compensated self-discharge). ► Maintenance - Poor (AGM) Electrolyte Fixed in Adsorption Glass Fiber Panel (AGM).

The battery is sealed, equipped with a pressure valve, and has a good cycle life. ► Materials involved in charging and discharge reactions in active material electrodes. In nickel-cadmium batteries, nickel hydroxide and cadmium hydroxide are used as active substances in the positive and negative electrode.

In the lead battery, the lead and the negative electrode are used as the active substance. Sulfrate used as an electrolyte in a lead battery can also be considered an active material because it is also involved in battery reactions. ► The mold is made of cast iron or cast steel, in which the geometry of the mold is in the form of a hole (such as a lead blade gate of the mold for production).

► Connect all the positive or all negative electrodes of several batteries. This will increase the battery of the battery network while maintaining a constant voltage. ► A mixture of various compounds of active substances (lead paste) (such as lead or water, sulfuric acid, etc.

) for coating the positive electrode and negative plate gate of the lead battery. Positive, the difference in negative electrode active substances is the different formulation. These active substances are then converted to positive electrode and negatively cured substances.

► Negathic plate contains cast metal frame with sponge lead active material. The spare rate rated - a current of the newly charged battery appears at a temperature of 26.7 ° F / 80 ° C, and maintains the number of minutes each battery unit equal to or higher than 1.

75V voltage. This rated value indicates that the battery continues to achieve important attachment operation when the AC generator or generator is faulty. ► The positive plate contains a cast metal frame containing a lead active material.

► Plug with ventilation tube, components for sealing battery opening. ► Polarity Description Electrical Terms of Charging or Voltage Relation between Two Electrodes. ► Purification water is used to compensate for distilled water or deionized water of water loss in batteries required to repair.

► Rated electricity quantity under discharge conditions (current, temperature), unit AH (according to the manufacturer's provisions). ► Reverse reactions can be chemically reacted in any direction (oxidation or reduction). Since the battery is used in a constant discharge and charging state, the battery reaction must be reversible.

► Re-charge Create a state full of charging through any charging state (such as from self-discharge, etc.). ► Re-adjust with low current (such as i100), and charge with about 30% overcharge.

If there is, the program can be repeated. ► The remaining power is lost after discharge. ► Full charge in the remainder of the charge.

►20 hours rated capacity (C20) It is a battery that is 10.5 V at a battery 20-hour rated capacity by a battery 20-hour rated capacity at a battery 20 hours. It can determine that there is enough power to operate the ampere hours required for car operation without falling to the voltage.

► Self-discharge self-discharge means that the permanent chemical reaction process of the electrodes of the battery or battery is not connected to the power consumption device, depending on the temperature. ► A dispenser between the positive electrode plate and the negative plate of the partition belt element, the current can flow through the separator. ► Contact the positive electrode column of the battery / battery in series to the negative terminal of the next battery / battery.

► Cyclic life battery power drops to the number of battery continuous cycles before the acceptance. ► Use the service life of the life battery, indicating the time period before the power dropped to the specified rated value. ►Wick the impact through design measures to prevent the battery from being shocked (if used with hot melt adhesive, fix the battery board, etc.

). ► Short-circuit electrical equipment or unexpected current bypass, usually the resistance is very low, thus causing a lot of current. The short circuit of the battery may be permanent, which can cause the battery to discharge and scrapped.

►SL1 indicates startup, lighting and ignition. ► Standard charging does not require a special battery unit or a switchable battery charger to maintain a charging current indefinitely. Under normal circumstances, battery charging 12-14 hours.

► Point and State (SOC) / Health State (SOH) The number of electrical energy stored in the battery is indicated as the percentage of energy when full charging. ► Nominal Temperature (TNOM) The nominal temperature of the electrolyte is a predetermined value, which is usually used as a reference value for the power test (such as the European Standard EN60095-1, the range of lead batteries for electricity is 20 hours, TNOM 252 ° C). ► Terminal battery and external circuit electrical connection.

In the case of the battery in the battery, each end post is connected to the first root (positive electrode) or the last (negative) cable. ► Thermal out of control is increased when the charging voltage is lowered (non-battery charges), the charging current increases, the electrolyte continues to heat to the boiling point. ► Overall purchase cost (TCO) The meaning of overall purchase cost: Accounting method shows all aspects / cost acquisition energy (fuel consumption) maintenance and maintenance during vehicle life (tires, batteries) show important costs and hidden costs and life cycle costs ( LCC) similar.

Investment products such as buildings or production machines. ► The valve is too high in internal pressure, allowing gas to flow, while preventing air from entering. ► Valve controlled lead storage (VRLA) battery seals and do not maintain batteries.

► The safety valve in the same period of the valve battery can be reopened, automatically opens when the pressure is too large, and when the normal rated pressure is restored, it is automatically turned off (such as a gel battery, adsorbed glass fiber separator (AGM) battery, etc.). ► Voltage drop When using high current discharge, the instantaneous decrease in voltage (if used when using a non-battery battery).

► Voltage drop If the current flows through the resistor inside the closed circuit, the voltage will fall. ► The voltage ping voltage is slowly declining. Many discharges of closing cadmium batteries and closed lead batteries have this feature.

In general, the first voltage drop in the voltagepoint from the start of discharge has continued until the final voltage rapidly decreases curve curve. ► Battery average voltage during the discharge of rated voltage low current intensity. The manufacturer specifies a value on the battery (eg Ni / CD = 10V) 1.

2V). ► Watt power metrics, that is, the rate of moving electronics in the direction of potential or inverse potential directions, calculation formula: Watt = ampere XVV. ► Welding By welding on the cable, connect two or more battery boards together to form a panel.

► The operating voltage of the operating current (energy) battery or battery is a refers to the electric energy dischargeable electrical energy having an average discharge voltage, and is adjusted to the nominal value of the steering feedback torque, and the unit is wattage [WH]. ► Working voltage When the power consumption is connected to the battery or battery, the electrical connection is started as soon as possible to start the voltage as soon as possible; the operating voltage is lower than the rated voltage. .

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