Author ：Iflowpower – Portable Power Station Supplier
If someone asks: should the waste battery should not be recycled? I believe that most people will say: Of course, it should be recycled, throwing too polluting the environment! For this question, we still have to separate. In the 1990s, my country has vigorously advocated recycling waste batteries because the battery contained in the battery and heavy metals such as harmful environments and human health. However, there is no good technology to deal with these recycled waste batteries.
In 2003, the original State Environmental Protection Administration jointly established the Ministry of Development, Ministry of Construction, Ministry of Science and Technology, and the Ministry of Commerce, which announced the "Policy Policy for Waste Battery Pollution". Clearly point out: under the lack of effective recycling technical conditions, it is not encouraged to collect waste disposable batteries that have reached national low mercury or non-mercury-free. So, is there any pollution in the battery? Of course! However, this black pot should not let ordinary disposable dry batteries back.
In general, battery products can be divided into primary batteries (commonly used first, No. 5, 7 dry batteries and buttons). It belongs to lightweight batteries, commonly used); secondary batteries (rechargeable batteries, important use in mobile phones, digital cameras and computers) and battery (large shape, important for automobiles and electric vehicles) three categories.
About commonly used No. 5, No. 7 dry batteries have reached the country with low mercury or mercury-free battery, we can call it: the battery that can be thrown away.
These batteries that can be directly thrown away will not cause environmental pollution problems after electrical use. It is recommended to discover away with domestic waste, dispersion treatment, through leachate treatment, etc., and finally carry out the garbage.
The concentration of concentration is concentrated, and it is a large pollution source. In addition, the old-collected old battery stack is placed in a piece, which may cause heavy metal leaks because of mutual friction. Note: Don't throw it to the farmland or some wet places.
If you soaked, some pollution occurs. There is also a class: battery still want to recover. "Waste Battery Pollution Prevention and Treatment Technology Policy" pointed out that the collection of waste batteries is a cadmium-nickel battery, a hydrogen-nickel battery, a lithium-ion battery, a lead-acid battery, and the like a waste-free primary battery.
At the same time, it also stipulates that manufacturers, importers, manufacturers, importers, and manufacturers of rechargeable batteries or buckle batteries should bear the responsibility of recovering the above waste batteries. Therefore, the rechargeable battery, buttons battery, and the battery and the battery are high. Once the leak occurs, it will not only contaminate the environment, but also hazards the human body, such a battery must be harmlessly recycled by the manufacturer or the dealer Disposition.
Experts' opinions of Shanghai Electric Power School, Shanghai University Electric Power Corrosion Control and Application Electrochemistry Key Laboratory Deputy Director Zhang Junxi After 2006, sales of dry batteries have basically realized mercury, no longer contain heavy metals harmful to humans and environment. Waste mercury-free dry battery is treated with ordinary domestic garbage, but it is not reasonable. There is no other ore metal element in nature.
Compared with the waste dry battery, we landf over the old battery, while continuously tap the natural mineral, put rich ore, and excavate the poverty. A complete battery recovery management mechanism must be established, guiding consumers to send the battery to the designated location rather than a throw, to ensure complete recycling. In fact, an ideal waste battery recovery system should be such that battery manufacturers sell batteries into the people.
After the public is used, they are put in the recovery box. The battery in the recipient box is further collected, summarizes the battery recycling company, battery Recycling company extracts the useful materials in waste batteries, supplies the battery manufacturer as a raw material for the production of batteries. This completes a beautiful substance cycle, no waste appears and released into the environment, forming potential pollution.
However, the current recycling system is basically until the recovery box, which makes more and more waste batteries stored around the land, and the amount is getting bigger and bigger. The amount is large to a certain extent, which exceeds environmental capacity and become environmental pollution events. So, how are some other countries in the world to deal with waste batteries? EU countries enforce all waste batteries in all waste batteries are the world's most thorough area.
In 2006, the EU introduced framework instructions for waste cell management, referred to as "battery order". According to this directive, EU member states should recover all types of portable batteries by developing their own laws. There is a clear answer in "Electrical Order": 1.
All batteries contain harmful materials; Second, the previous directive is important to manage dangerous batteries (ie, mercury, cadmium, lead battery), but practice shows that Recycling all batteries is higher than collected by a single portable battery;. Germany, one of the founding Member States of the EU, is a waste battery recycling and a recycling of recycling. A effective way to Germany in waste management is to establish a production person responsibility system.
German legislation stipulates that battery producers or representatives of third parties must supply funds, payment, handling and recycling of net costs, producers or representatives of their third party, and have a resulted funding for payment collection. Public publicity fees for processing and recycling using waste batteries. It is because of the establishment of this system, the government and the public are more relaxed, and the government can put more energy into the supervision of the recycling system, and the public can use the service to serve the producer.
The US waste battery handling technology mature America is battery consumption, the total amount of battery used and abandoned can reach billions. In order to minimize the harm of the battery on the environment, the US government and the private have taken some measures, the effect is obvious. In 1996, the US Federal Environmental Protection Agency issued the "Mercury Battery and Rechargeable Battery Management Law", which prohibits selling mercury-containing columnar dry batteries.
On the other hand, nickel-cadmium and lead-acid rechargeable batteries should be recycled by retailers. And transferred to non-profit companies for recycling. In addition, the United States also has a general system of harmful waste management.
General hazardous waste belongs to hazardous waste, so it is necessary to treat usual domestic garbage. At present, universal hazardous waste except for the battery, including insecticides, mercury-containing instruments and mercury-containing tubes. Regarding these waste, the US Federal Government has introduced a detailed standard that involves the work related to the disposal process, storage, employee training, emergency response, etc.
In addition, US companies have very mature waste batteries resource systemization and harmless treatment technology; as long as local governments have established a suitable recycling system, these batteries can be properly handled. Taiwan waste battery resource loss Overseas Taiwan has begun to include all waste batteries in the annual recycling product catalog, requiring battery producers to recycle waste batteries and handle it to qualified processors. If the producer is negligent, it will face the punishment of the sales.
After more than ten years of hard work, Taiwan has a waste battery recovery point, and the recovery rate of waste batteries has reached more than 40%. This achievement exceeds the level of many countries in the EU. It is precisely because of the recovery rate of waste batteries, therefore formed a economical scale effect, the original dispersed garbage is concentrated, but it becomes a robbery.
However, due to the insufficient government support, foreign companies have an advantage in funding and technology, raising the purchase price of waste battery resources, more than half of the waste cells are transported to Europe, Japan, South Korea, USA and other countries. High-value metals such as iron, manganese and zinc contained in the waste cell, did not stay in the industrial chain of local local local. Japan Explore Perfect Processing Technology Japan to keep some.
The waste cell is a separate recovery or mixed into general waste disposal, and the decision is that the local government. However, it has proved that the vast majority of waste batteries have been recovered by local governments. Most of them will be handled by professional battery handlers and recycle, and is not collected by waste batteries.
In recent years, important countries in the world have been developing a waste battery processing technology that can be more effective in use, but they have not found a consideration of all aspects (including reducing environmental impact, effective use of resources, energy saving and cost savings). Optimal method. Therefore, the Japanese battery industry will continue to collect and study techniques related to waste batteries, and promote the production of mercury-free batteries globally through the influence of the Japanese overseas battery manufacturer.
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