How can I prevent the early damage of lead-acid batteries?

2022/04/08

  Author :Iflowpower – Portable Power Station Supplier

For a long time, whether it is a diesel car or a gasoline car, a lead-acid battery. When starting the engine, the battery is required to supply power to the electric motor in a few seconds. The battery will affect the normal operation of the automobile electrical system if there is a fault or early damage.

Therefore, we must clearly cause early damage to the battery, understand the matter you should pay attention to when using. The battery is not allowed to charge and discharge soon, in fact, it is not all the quality of the battery. Battery, if used improper use, it is most likely to cause early damage.

The important cause of early damage to the battery is as follows: (1) The battery is fixed, and there is severe vibration in the driving, and the sealing glue cracking, the battery case and the cover break, the pole column, the connecting plate break, etc. (2) The battery pole column and the collet are too tight, and the tightening of the tightening is tightened, and it is too much to prevent contact with poorly ablation column. (3) Long-term continuous use of the starter, so that the battery is discharged, resulting in a polar bending, the active material falls off.

(4) When the liquid surface is too low, the polar plate exposes the liquid level portion and the air contact and the electrode is in contact with the fluctuated electrolyte, gradually forming the crude grain sulfuric acid lead-cured layer to cause a plate in the upper portion of the plate. When the liquid surface is too high, the electrolyte will spill the corroded mechanism when driving. (5) The battery is insufficient for long-term charging, which will cause a plate to vulcanize and cannot be restored.

(6) The generator regulator has failed to cause excessive charge, and the active substances on the plate are quickly falling off. (7) Adding non-pure distilled water, or when distilled water is added, use metal vessel. There is impurities in the electrolyte, and there will be local self-discharge, and the battery can't store electricity.

(8) After the battery is discharged in winter, it is not timely charging. The electrolyte density is too low and frozen, so that the active substance falls off, shorten the battery life. In order to make the battery are often in a good condition, extend its service life, must carefully maintenance and correctly grasp the use.

Before using the battery: (1) Do not let it tilting more than 40 when installing the battery, check whether the battery is sufficient before installation; check if there is a tool left on the battery. The battery installation should be firm and the joint is in good contact. Do not force the wiring collet with force to avoid the output of electrical energy to avoid the output of electric energy.

When replacing other electrical components, the component should be disconnected from the battery. (2) The time of enabling the motor should not be too long, preferably no more than 5 seconds, 2 startup time intervals for more than 30 seconds, when the startup is unsuccessful, the reason should be found, and the fault should be launched. (3) Conduct the electrolyte liquid level height.

The electrolyte liquid surface should be higher than the polar plate 10 to 15 mm or the liquid surface on the upper and lower liquid plane lines indicated on the housing. The electrolyte liquid level reduction is due to the consumption of moisture evaporation during operation, so when the electrolyte is insufficient, the distilled water should be added. The electrolytic solution having the same density is allowed to be added to the original electrolyte density only due to the decrease in the liquid level due to the electrolyte splash.

Check the liquid level, avoid using various metal bars to avoid self-discharging. (4) Timely supplement charge, 50% of the battery discharge in summer, 25% in winter, should remove the battery from the car, supplement charging. It often checks the quality of the generator regulator to prevent excessive charging or insufficient charging.

(5) The battery surface does not have an electrolyte, keep it clean, dry. The dirty objects of the appearance can cause short circuit, loss of electricity, damage the battery. The oxide between the pile and the wiring interval, which is extremely easy to cause the current circulation, affecting the start of the motor and the electricity of other equipment.

(6) When in winter, the battery should be insulated or in the cold sleeve; prevent sunlight when used in summer. (7) Do not mix different manufacturers of batteries or differentials of batteries in a set of batteries, otherwise it may cause damage to the battery. It is best not to charge the battery in parallel, otherwise it will shorten the life of the battery.

(8) If the battery is to be stored, the battery should be fully charged and then separated from the charging device, and then store the battery in a cool dry, ventilated, clean place. Long-term deactivated battery should also charge maintenance on time. There is a problem of internal self-discharge, and the amount of self-discharge is about 2% per day, that is, the sufficient electric battery, even if it is not used, after a longer period of time, Electricity will be released by internal self-discharge.

The battery of the loss will be greatly vulcanized, thereby greatly weakening the power storage capacity. Therefore, long-term devented batteries should be supplemented once a month, about 10 hours each time. When you rarely use the battery, you must arrange the battery to supplement charging every month to ensure that the battery keeps sufficient start state.

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