Author ：Iflowpower – Portable Power Station Supplier
With the development of the battery industry, the relevant recycling industry also shows the prospects of profit. However, the industry and related policies are ready for not in place. There is no company in the country established a national recycling network.
There is also a regional recycling network that has been established in any region. In March 2011, my country's Battery Industry Association has said to the relevant departments. The report shows that it is important for the current recycling of waste batteries to be based on individuals in all parts, accounting for more than 80% of total recovery.
Moreover, most of the waste batteries in the above-mentioned recovery system are handed from individual households with a small smelter that is unified, environmentally friendly. It is understood that the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology is now establishing a lead-acid battery production company and recycling company access system. At present, 2000-3000 smelting (post-recovery after waste battery), may be streamlined to 200-300 due to threshold restrictions, and the shrinkage is 90%.
35 billion profit space: 80% flow to small workshop according to the data supplied by the battery industry association, in 2009, the lead-acid battery reached 18.7 million tons, of which the industrial profit space reached more than 35 billion. my country's Battery Industry Association's chairman, Huangziang, for the reporter, only the current electric bicycle insurance in my country has reached 1.
4 billion in 2010, and the rate of 30 million per year is rising. And the general electric bicycle battery, to be replaced once every 1 - 1.5 years.
At the same time, the use of lead-acid batteries is not only electric bicycles, but also most of them. Take Beijing as an example, the current car ownership is about 5 million, almost two million vehicles per year to replace the battery. Hanziang beams for 95% of the materials in the battery of this reporter, can be recovered.
But at present, 80% of the recycling share is occupied by non-regular small companies. More worry is that illegal small companies handle these lead-acid batteries. First, about 20% -40% of the lead-acid battery is an acid solution, if there is no appropriate protective measures, it is extremely dangerous to transport a large amount of acid.
At the same time, in order to reduce the weight of the weight, most small workshops will choose to fall before transportation. And so that the treatment method is easy to enable a lot of acid to enter the groundwater system and soil to form contamination. This process is almost unable to control, and the supervision cost government can't bear it.
Liu Jiaxin, Secretary-General of my country's Battery Industry Association, said that the post-treatment is in a regular state. Process may result in lead powder, lead dust, and acid pollution. What is more worried about it is that such small workshops have formed an industrial chain.
After they recycle, process again, then continue to sell some small battery manufacturers who do not have bills. This forms a highly polluting underground industry chain. Recycling chain: The prevalence of the formal company without rice, illegal recycling is important because the cost difference is too large.
The current small traders' recovery price is 9,000 yuan per ton. And the company wants to pay a ticket, the cost is at least 500 yuan. Fengsitsu (16.
18, 0.00, 0.00%) Co.
, Ltd., the relevant person in charge of the company, told reporters that regular companies should recover the waste lead-acid batteries in accordance with the treatment and transportation standards of hazardous waste, within 300 kilometers, transportation costs per ton ratio illegally Transportation should be higher than about 200 yuan. In addition, recycling storage places are also costly.
If you build a reserve storage place in Beijing, remove land cost, build 2 million yuan to 5 million yuan, in Baoding needs 500,000-11 million. And small business dealers may rely on tens of thousands of yuan. Because, do they do not deal with dangerous goods such as lead dust, acid solution.
Such calculations, currently, the gap between the recovery costs per ton of the battery and the illegal recycling company reached approximately 800 yuan. In fact, between 2008 and 2010, the country has had a tax rebate policy for lead-acid batteries, which is 70% in 2009, 50% in 2010. In 2011, this preferential policy declares that there is no subsequent policy.
This also means that lead-acid battery recovery companies have to pay all 17% VAT. 80% of the material in the wind can be recycled and then used. Under normal circumstances, the recycling handling the profit of the waste-based battery should be 300-500 yuan.
Hair. Tax plus transportation costs per ton of cost 800 yuan. Therefore, the acquisition price is relatively high, so that regular manufacturers have no competitiveness in small business dealers.
Mao said. Windsurfur now has more than 10 million annual outputs of lead-acid batteries, but the amount of recovery is very small. Currently, nearly 4 years of recycling.
Because there is too few recovery, it does not build a smelting company, but the designated manufacturer. But in this way, the designated manufacturer also has 50% of the output in a vacant state. Mao Manager said to reporters.
Han Zong beam also said to reporters that many large companies have built a recycling system, but lacks recycling channels, but also suffering from no recycling prices. Mao Manager believes that the company is the most important thing to establish a regular recycling system, and the recycling system is best to rely on the sales system of the battery company itself. At the same time, the state should give a regular recycling company's tax preferential policy to improve the competitiveness of formal recycling companies, and establish a regulatory operation recycling system.
Industry specification is out: 90% of the company is in fact, the macro constraints in this field have been demonstrated through relevant policies. On February 10, 2011, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Ministry of Science and Technology, and the Ministry of Finance issued a notice on "Renewable Non-ferrous Metal Industry Development Promotion Program". The targets of which are: By 2015, the regeneration lead industry forms a batch of 50,000 tons of large-scale production companies.
The top 10 company industrial concentration reached more than 50%; cultivating the key area of several industrial agglomeration development, its output has exceeded 80%. At present, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology also starts to build industry access systems for lead-acid battery production and recycling. Industry insiders tell reporters that companies below 50W will not allow re-establishment, less than 200,000 yuan, the company is not allowed to continue production.
Why is it necessary to wash this elimination mode? Liu Jiaxin, secretary general of my country's Battery Industry Association, told reporters that this industry is not suitable for simple merger and recombination of small companies. The reasons include: Dispersion plant management is loose, while environmental protection equipment has higher investment, the company's dispersion, leads to high cost. Only 13 regenerated lead companies in the United States, my country is big, two or three hundred are enough.
Liu Jiaxin said. In addition to relying on the renewable lead industry, the admission threshold is improved, concentrated, and the industry told reporters. The pathway of lead-acid battery companies handling the recycling battery is important, one is to establish a recycling company, and the other is the designated processing company.
At present, many companies have seen the industry prospects, but also imported advanced equipment, but in the beginning of the completion, the problem of mid-mockery. Industry insiders revealed that it is possible to imitate the German model, and the government has established a public recycling system. Then specify a qualified company concentration.
As in Germany, as long as the company sells battery, the company must register in the government, and then the government is submitted to the public recycling platform, and each battery sales will be submitted. The system will check if the company will have a scrapped battery recycling. However, Hanzu beam believes that the most direct and effective way is that the recycling system and consumption system are connected, and the deposit system is implemented.
Battery manufacturers are B2B companies, and consumers have no direct relationship, and it is difficult to establish a recycling system. Han said: The most easily exposed to waste batteries is actually a seller and repair shop. Therefore, he believes that the recycling system and sales system should be approved as soon as possible.
At the same time, in order to ensure the recovery of the battery through the regular system, the deposit system can be established. If you charge a deposit when selling the battery, the battery is returned to return this part of the deposit. In fact, the company's cleaning production is an important part of alleviating battery pollution.
It is reported that on May 18th, my country's Battery Industry Association will set up 11 companies in the joint industry in Beijing, my country's Battery Industry Association's battery cleaning production, industry self-discipline alliance. Issue a clean production initiative to the National Battery Industry, and publish self-discipline treaties in the cleaning production industry.
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