Waste Battery Recycling 'Sleepy' and 'Confusion'

2022/04/08

  Author :Iflowpower – Portable Power Station Supplier

"Collecting waste batteries", this has influence extensive environmental protection action, is being caught in an embarrassing situation. On the morning of October 25th, "Fengtai District's 2015 garbage classification and recycling resource recycling activities" in Fangzhuang, the scene is concentrated on the site of about two kilograms of waste batteries. Many people in response to this environmental call are also confused.

Where are the waste batteries that concentrated recycling? The New Beijing News reporter found that until now, Beijing has not established a complete waste battery collection and treatment system, and the landfill has become a large number of concentrated recycling waste batteries. In this regard, the environmental protection department has been explained that household batteries have reached the national low and mercury-free technical requirements, and they can be distributed with daily domestic garbage without centrally unified recycling. By further investigating reporters, it is huge, still polluting the environment, or recycles the button battery, recoverable battery, lithium-ion battery, etc.

, as well as "do not need to recover" to become domestic garbage. Whether it is recovered around the waste battery, all parties are constantly. "There will be no recycling" to make public, "Many experts say that all waste batteries have certain environmental risks.

The general public can't know the waste battery of the hand, whether it is mercury, cadmium" danger " Battery. From the perspective of resource utilization, even if the risk of dangerous is not high, it can be regenerated. If it is only discarded as daily domestic garbage, it is undoubtedly a waste of resources.

"" In the hands of waste batteries to waste cells or personal treatment, looking for "next home" into the top of the top market in Fengtai District, less than 3 square meters of watch repair counter, 50-year-old fortune master Ming Document is busy with old flowers, behind the cabinets, "Collection", "Baby" collected in the past three years - tens of thousands of table buckles. The number of batteries is still growing at a speed of 20 to 30 capsules per day, and they are sent by customers from Ming Wenyi, calculator, remote control, etc. "The button battery is polluted, can not be throwless," clearly remember the propaganda slogan you have seen: "One button battery can pollute 600,000 water, equal to a person's drinking water".

But the momentum of the eyes makes a headache, he doesn't know where the total weight has reached more than 10 kilograms. In the 3 years, in order to make these batteries, he found the cleaning staff, sanitation workers, plugging a recycling vehicle, hoping that the other party can recycle, but they are rejected. In terms of the same dilemma, there are also communities that have actively carried out recycling of waste batteries.

In 2000, the Capital Spiritual Civilization Office wrote "Green Community Manual", whether the waste battery recovery box in the community has actually become an indicator of "Excellent Community", "Green Community". In the 2001 National Environmental Protection Administration, the waste battery is used as a hazardous waste, and it is also clearly required for classification collection. At the Yanyuan Village Street, Chaoyang District, II, 12 residential buildings in the community, have waste battery recovery boxes.

In buildings and 11th buildings, 10 liters of waste batteries hung on the wall capacity, the filled waste cells have not been cleaned, one of the waste cell boxes, overflowing nearly 100 waste batteries , Can only be "transfer" to the top of the box. "You can send the waste battery to us, let's contact the street office to deal with" "For the" disaster "waste battery in the recipient box, the staff member of the Anyuan North Library community. In fact, there is no answer in the street office.

"I also deal with the waste battery in the question." The reporter took the residents to the Asian Games Street Office Community Construction Office, consult the processing of waste batteries, and the office staff Xu Lu said, they also have to contact The recycling company outside, "But what is willing to get it,". The boss of many scrap acquisitions in Beijing said that the waste cell they recovered is limited to lead-acid batteries, mainly the battery of automotive battery and battery car.

From the recycling box to the landfill waste battery, more than 10 years have been retired. Nowadays, they have become the situation under the disappointment, and the Beijing people who are engaged in the recycling of waste batteries feel that in 2000 is the "best time" in this industry. In June of the year, including 8 cities in Beijing, it was determined to collect pilot cities for garbage sorting, and the environmental protection is then scraped, and the waste battery recycling is gradually attached.

"The trash can on the side of the road, in addition to the recycling and irreparable, the middle is also specially left to the waste battery". This makes Wang Ziquen see the opportunity. He believes that no matter from environmental protection, resource regeneration, it is also available for waste battery recovery from economic benefits.

"Dangerous waste pollution control technology policy" clearly states that before the battery containing mercury, cadmium is eliminated, urban life waste treatment units should establish classification collection, storage, treatment facilities, effective management of waste batteries; promotion of waste batteries Collect, avoid mercury, cadmium waste battery mixed into domestic waste incineration facilities. For waste batteries that have been generated, there is an economic and technical conditions, give priority to their resource reuse. In this year, Wang Zixin has raised more than 3 million yuan and relatives and friends.

It has established Beijing Donghua Xinxin Waste Battery Recycling Center in Yixian, Hebei Province. This is also a waste battery regeneration treatment plant in the country's first year. The government also launched a corresponding action.

As early as 1998, the Beijing Sanitation Department has a special battery recycling car, which is responsible for collecting and clearing the waste battery, the public or unit of 30 kilograms of waste batteries can be recycled for free. These waste batteries are finally sent to the waste battery library of Daxing District Standfill. However, this "best time" is less than two years, it will stop due to a series of policies.

In October 2003, five departments such as the State Environmental Protection Administration were jointly issued "Waste Battery Pollution Prevention and Treatment Technology Policy", and the focus of the waste battery concentration was determined as a rechargeable battery and button battery such as lithium ions, and did not encourage centralized collection of national low mercury or Mercury-free waste battery. With the implementation of the state "Regulations on the Speed ​​of Mercury Content of Battery Products", most of the batteries that appear on the market realize low mercury or mercury. In 2008, the Ministry of Environmental Protection and the National Development and Reform Commission jointly issued the "National Hazardous Waste Directory" show that scrap nickel cadmium batteries and monocrecaline batteries produced in their daily lives and electronic hazardous waste, etc.

, can be managed in accordance with hazardous waste. This allows waste batteries to recycle the trough. Lu Yi, a general manager of Jin Guanyuan Community, Huilongguan Town, Changping District, has long been, and the waste cells in the community have collected from the garbage of life, and the garbage transfer station has been collected, and finally sent to the Aowei garbage landfill.

The reporter then learned in many cells in this city that waste batteries are also mixed into domestic waste, no longer classified. Lu Jiangtao, director of the Sports Disffects of Beijing Municipal Municipal Municipal Bureau, confirmed that there is three ways of landfill, incineration and compost of domestic garbage in Beijing. "Waste battery with domestic waste, it is unlikely to be compost, the final processing method is landfill and incineration.

"Discussion on" Received "Waste Battery Recycling Policy", "Does Not encourage centralized recycling", after questioning a series of policies, how to recycle if the waste battery is recycled, and the dispute is constantly. "Only recovering a kind of battery alone, it is better to recover all", Beijing Normal University [microblogging] Ph.D.

after the long-term focus of environmental research, believes that these waste batteries are classified and recovered, so that the public is at a loss. Mao Da is more inclined to waste battery is not divided into type, all concentrated recycling. He gave three reasons: First, all waste batteries have certain environmental risks; secondly, the renewable resources in the battery can be recycled; in the end, the EU countries have tried only to recover only mercury, cadmium batteries, "but they I found that this kind of efficiency is not high, it is better to recover all.

". Professor Tsinghua University Environmental College, deputy director of the China Environmental Society Solid Waste Subsidiary, Nie Yongfeng, is supported by the waste battery that does not recycle environmental standards, but this makes him a new fear. "The current situation is that all recovery costs are too high, but the requirements are not recycled, and finally become all income,".

Nie Yongfeng believes that there is little commercially available in the market, but the number of rechargeable batteries represented by the lithium battery commonly used by mobile phones, which can be recycled, if they also discard with domestic garbage, will Creating a great resource waste. He suggested that at least the current battery industry can do a marking of the sales link, indicating that the recycling and irreparable, and the sections of recycling should also be closely connected. "To make the public understand, not simply put a recycling box, what battery is in the ride".

Cao Guoqing, deputy secretary general of China Battery Industry Association, believes that the currently widely used types of lithium batteries will seriously undermine the environment. Confused alkaline zinc manganese batteries and other commercial batteries have reached a mercury-free requirement, from environmental protection perspectives, it is inde necessary to recover, "The mercury content in such batteries is only one million parts, which is more than one million in soil. The content is also small, but he admits that the waste battery can still be concentrated on the use of resource recycling purposes.

Whether the waste battery is recovered, the dispute reaches a climax in 2012. On January 30, 2012, Du Shaozhong, deputy director of the Beijing Environmental Protection Bureau, said in its microblogging, in its microblogging, the waste battery treatment problem: the waste nickel cadmium produced by daily life, the cottonoxide battery is not managed according to hazardous waste, dispersed Treatment with domestic garbage, will not cause environmental pollution. Current conditions do not encourage centralized collection processing.

On March 18, Du Shaozhong organized a civil seminar on waste battery problems, and participants included in colleges and institutions and officials of the Beijing Environmental Protection Agency. At this seminar, Mao Da is classified to the battery to recover "fire". He pointed out that the country did not identify the batteries used in life have been mercury and non-cadmaking.

There is still a considerable part of the waste cells belong to hazardous waste. In 2001, the "Hazardous Waste Polishing Prevention and Treatment Technology Policy" is advocated by waste battery collection It should continue to be effective. Who comes to the "end" waste battery? The relevant departments have different attitudes; the waste battery processing is difficult to change the "last kilometer" in Beijing, the waste battery recycling involves the National Development and Reform Commission, the Transport Committee, the Commercial Commission, the Environmental Protection Bureau and the Municipal Help Committee.

They are also different from the attitude of waste batteries. "Waste Battery Recycling This is still inconvenient to say, because there is no good treatment," Wang Dongpo, the relevant person in charge of the Beijing Sanitation Group Propaganda Department, said that recycling will continue, etc. deal with.

In fact, since 2002, Beijing Municipal Municipal Bureau of Casit Committee entrusted Beijing Second Qing'an Sanitation Corporation to carry out used battery recycling work, and received a total of 1298.99 tons at the end of 2011. According to the information disclosed in the Beijing Environmental Protection Bureau, there have been 300 tons of waste batteries to Tianjin, and the harmless centralized treatment, more than 42 million costs, and more than 1800 yuan per ton of treatment.

In 2014, the Beijing Municipal Government will also store 1300 tons of waste batteries stored in the architecture of the landfill, and sent to Tianjin for harmless treatment. Currently settled the battery library of the landfill, it has been used as other warehouses. "I can only be buried here, because there is no ability to do," Wang Qingwen, Director of the Publicity Department of the Beijing Municipal Municipal Bureau, believes that the waste battery is not a pure domestic garbage, should encourage manufacturers to recycle.

"The Industrial and Information Technology Department and the Commercial Commission must constrain the manufacturer's production and sales, the waste battery should be the manufacturer to recycle. "In this regard, Cao Guoqing said that there is currently only lead-acid batteries (automotive battery, battery) with manufacturers' self-built waste battery recovery system, other types of batteries. The Beijing News reporter also called Nanfu, Jinxiang, Shuanglu, and the four battery manufacturers, except for the three manufacturers, said that the produced battery does not have to be recycled, can be treated with domestic garbage.

The powerful battery staff said that "only a few people are responsible for sales, do not understand the situation". "If you collect it, you will be dangerous, it belongs to the environmental protection bureau. "Lu Jiangtao said that the end of the domestic waste treatment is mainly recycled and renewable resources, does not involve environmental protection, municipal markets and municipal environmental protection bureaus two departments, and reports to the municipal government respectively on the problem of recycling of waste batteries.

"The waste battery recycling is that the Municipal Municipal Boys Office is doing, you will ask them", the Beijing Environmental Protection Bureau Mission Office staff Du Wei responded. The staff of the Beijing Municipal Commission office said that although they participate in recycling resources recycling, the main body of the work is in the Development and Reform Commission. The Beijing Municipal Development and Reform Commission's publicity department staff said that the work is still in the waste battery, the main work is still in the business committee, "the battery recovery box dot work is all, our Development and Reform Commission is responsible for the coordination, policy promotion and implementation of the department, No specific work.

"Keep a hopes" "Half Months" in the 80-year-old man; folk volunteers insist on collecting waste batteries on October 19 this year, 86-year-old Shen Yunshi, became the "Beijing Daily" "Beijing Osse" column. In 2000, Shen Yunshi, the retired cadres of Beijing Information Science and Technology University, learned that the No. 5 battery arisen can cause the land and groundwater pollution, and the harmful substance is harmful to personal health.

He murdulated more than ten waste battery recycling boxes overnight, fixed outside the school dormitory and family building, and decided to be a "waste battery recycling" volunteer. Since then, he collects a waste battery every half a month, sent to Beijing's useful garbage collecting center. In the past 15 years, Shen Yunshi has collected by the number of waste batteries.

"As long as you can move, you will have been doing it." At present, Shen Yunshi still insists on his "Half Monthly", how to deal with these batteries. "I haven't received it, there is no such business.

"On 26 October, the Beijing News reporter called Beijing's useful garbage collection center, the center staff said. Since the second half of last year, the battery collected by Shen Yunshi's old man is basically handed over to Wang Zhixin. On September 14, the website of the capital introduced the "Discovery Battery Box" environment building volunteer service in Xicheng District, as of September 15th, all the environment of all communities in the district, as of September 15 Volunteers can take pictures with camera, mobile phones, etc.

However, after the end of the event, Xicheng District recovered from the discovery waste battery box to recycle the waste battery, and also coordinated the subsequent recovery. In 2010, the Capital Civilization Office selected "People who contributed to environmentally friendly" within the city, and the only recommended quota of the municipal market gallery committee gave Wang Zi Xin. Although his battery treatment plant, he has been forced to close due to the lack of pollution caused by maturity technology.

On October 25th, Beijing Sanitation Group subordinate enterprises Beijing Jinghuan City Mineral Resources Development Co., Ltd., United King's Beijing Donghua Xinxin Waste Battery Recycling Center, in Fengtai District Fangzhuang Organization Resource recycling publicity activities, about two kilograms of waste batteries.

"Adhere to the present, just keep a hope", Wang Zicxin has always insisted on his waste battery recycling career, and he is still at your own expense to rent a waste plant in Wei Shanzhuang in Daxing District, as a storage battery. In the warehouse of Wang Zixin, there are more than 300 tons of waste batteries, more than 20 million festivals. Wang Zizhong estimates that only one year last year, he recovered more than 50 tons of waste batteries, accounting for about 1% of the total amount of waste batteries last year.

How do they deal with waste batteries: Battery producers pay for waste batteries collection, treatment and cyclic utilization. United States, South Korea: Enterprise waste battery processing technology is mature, the government conducts resource processing. Japan: The waste battery is collected separately as a non-combustible waste safety disposal.

China: Waste Battery is transported to South Korea and other countries for processing. .

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