Can the waste battery affect the environment? How to classify the waste battery?

2022/04/08

  Author :Iflowpower – Portable Power Station Supplier

In our daily lives, the battery can be said to be one of the most usage and the highest abandonment rate, but do you know the correct way to handle the waste battery? Some people say: The battery can't throw it, because it has a big harm to the environment. Others say: Do you not all thrown? Not much harm! So, how do you deal with the used battery? People often say: a button battery can pollute 600 cubic meters of water, equal to drinking water in a person. The one-size battery is rotten in the ground, which can make a m2 land lose value.

However, the truth of the fact is true? NO! NO! No, the current battery already has a considerable improvement. If it is before, it is not too far from a short-term (disposable dry battery), but with the development of science and technology, these [disposable dry batteries] have gradually realized it. Low mercuryization and mercury production! 0.

0001% mercury content, close or even lower than the naturally occurring mercury content in the un contaminated soil, so the discardment of [disposable dry battery] has no effect on the natural environment, and it can be mixed with domestic garbage after abandonment. This will start from its classification ~ The battery is important to the following categories: 01 Disposable dry battery, everyone is most familiar with flashlight, different capacity dry batteries on the remote control. The most common home is the dry battery of different capacities of one-time level 5, 7, etc.

Zinc manganese batteries (also known as carbon battery) and alkali manganese batteries (alkaline dry batteries), important iron-containing, zinc, manganese equivalent metal elements, and also contain trace of mercury, mercury is toxic substance. In the past ten years ago, mercury content in ordinary dry batteries is relatively high, if they are discarded, will cause pollution to soil and water body. However, since January 1, 2005, my country has stopped production and sales of alkaline batteries with amalgcasts greater than 0.

0001%. At present, the disposable dry cells used in the family uses mercury-free and low-mercury technology, and the environmental impact is slight. So we can treat it as ordinary waste directly into other garbage (yellow barrels).

02 Button battery for children's toys, button batteries. New button batteries generally have commonly charged and non-charged two, charging includes 3.6V chargeable lithium ion fastening batteries (LIR series) and 3V suction lithium ion buckle batteries (ML or VL series); Charging including 3V lithium manganese buckle battery (CR series) and 1.

5V alkaline zinc manganese buckle battery (LR and SR series). The outer table of the button battery is a stainless steel material, and it is important to contain a heavy metal material such as mercury, manganese, cadmium, lead and zinc. If the waste battery is discarded in the nature, these substances will slowly leak, Get into the soil, penetrate into the groundwater with rain water, flow into the Yanghe Lake Sea to form a serious pollution.

03 mobile phone battery with mobile phone battery on mobile phone. According to incomplete statistics, my country's mobile phone has exceeded 1.3 billion, almost a state of the average person, and the waste mobile phone battery environmental pollution cannot be ignored.

Abandoned mobile phones and batteries contain heavy metal components such as gold, mercury, lead, cadmium, such as direct discardment or landfill, heavy metals will directly pollute the soil and groundwater; while simply incineration, the gas that occurs will also pollute the air, causing poisoning. 04 Uninterruptible power supply and motorized battery lead battery for elevators, banks such as UPS uninterruptible power supply and lead-acid battery for motor vehicle battery. The lead-acid battery is an important electrode is made of lead and its oxide, and the electrolyte is a sulfuric acid solution.

If the waste lead-acid battery, if it does not dispose of the regulations, the waste residue, the acid solution is greatly harmful, so it is included in the "National Hazardous Waste Directory", and should be managed in accordance with the relevant standards of hazardous waste, and do not allow unauthorized transfer, collection, and demolition. Solution and disposal. So currently common disposable dry batteries have basically no pollution risk, which can be directly put into other garbage as ordinary domestic garbage, but only for ordinary disposable dry batteries.

Button battery, mobile phone battery, lead-acid battery belong to harmful garbage, can not be mixed with domestic garbage, it is necessary to recover in time. Important Hazards in the waste cells can dissolve in fat, causing animal central nervous disease, teratogenic, calendering, carcinogeny or even death; cadmium to soften, bone deformation, and severely form a natural fracture, to death; lead is important Resulting in anemia, neurotic dysfunction and kidney injury, inhibiting hemoglobin synthesis metabolism; nickel dissolved in blood, damaging central nervous, causing vascular variation; since harmful batteries are harmful, what should we put in our lives? Resident garbage classification simply puts disposable dry batteries to other rubbish [yellow bucket]! Button battery, mobile phone battery, lead-acid battery belong to harmful garbage, should be placed in a harmful garbage recovery box, concentrated by staff. Harmful batteries are harmful, can't discard it.

I want to find a way to handle it, the environmental protection is relying on everyone. .

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