The United States began to pay attention to the recovery of lithium-ion batteries. Is it too late?

2022/04/08

  Author :Iflowpower – Portable Power Station Supplier

Since the beginning of the 1990s, the use of lithium-ion batteries has become more and more wide. Today, from laptops, mobile phones to electric vehicles, energy storage equipment, lithium-ion batteries almost everywhere. After reaching the life of the battery, the number of abandoned lithium-ion batteries is added in an amazing speed.

There are research forecasts. By 2030, the global scrapped lithium-ion battery will reach 11 million tons. On February 18th is the national battery day in the United States.

Many Americans will replace the old battery and send them to the recycling center. In order to celebrate this non-official holiday, the US Department of Energy announced that it officially launched the construction of the Agong National Test Room Battery Recycling R & D Center, and start the lithium-ion battery recovery prize project to promote the recycling of key materials in the lithium-based battery. Why does the United States choose to recover from the layout of waste lithium-ion batteries? The US electric car battery is retired, that is, the recovery of waste batteries is less than 5% of the recovery rate of the US waste lithium ion battery.

If this problem does not be effectively treated, Whether it is healthy, or for natural ecological environments, it will cause adverse effects. Therefore, with the US battery day charter, the US Department of Energy set up a battery recovery R & D research in the Algong National Laboratory, which is intended to develop a recycling process with cost-effective advantages to recover lithium, cobalt from the waste lithium ion battery as much as possible. Waiting for valuable materials.

Start the lithium-ion battery recovery award, which is designed to encourage US companies to collect, store, transport, transport, transport, and ultimately recycled for innovation. The Department of Energy will provide a total of $ 5.5 million in reward funding for the award.

The Ministry of Energy hopes to promote new technology development through the R & D Center and Recycling Award, and finally reach the goal of recovering 90% of key materials from waste batteries to reduce the relying on foreign relying on key battery materials such as lithium and cobalt. In view of the global demand for lithium-ion batteries, it has risen, in order to develop a shortage of shortage of potential supply, it is prompted to develop recycled battery technology, and the lithium-ion battery such as electric vehicles, mobile phones and other devices will make more stable and reliable. Raw material source.

The US Department of Energy announced that under national security considerations, it will spend a three-year research and development plan for the ArgonnenationalLaboratory of $ 15 million in the Argonne National Laboratory near Chicago. This research case will combine the power of Ark, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, National Renewable Energy Laboratory and Numer University, and I hope to catch up with our strength in manufacturing and recovering lithium-ion batteries in my country. Simmons, an officials of the Energy Energy and Renewable Energy Office, said that the United States sued at other metals such as lithium, cobalt, nickel, graphite and other metals and battery finished products.

It is indeed unfavorable to national security, because of these origins, some are not intimate allies. Lithium salt is in a small number of South America, African countries and Australia, mostly from Congo. In China in China, China has been tense in my country, it is the processing of lithium-ion batteries.

my country has actively recycled battery to obtain lithium raw materials, reducing the import of lithium raw materials. The demand for lithium-ion battery continues to increase, and the original administration of the US government put into research and development recycling technology. The latest recycling center of the Ministry of Energy, Recellcenter, RECENBERG, is said that the US Auto Factory will invest in electric vehicles in the future, and the current electric vehicle battery is also close to the use period, so the US Energy Department believes that the present is to expand the battery.

Recycling time. Shizan Berg said: We have conducted a lot of decomposition, if it is not recycling, our materials will be exhausted. If we can get a stable supply from the recycling material, this will significantly reduce the risk.

Creationinn, Hansericmelin, a lithium-ion battery industry researcher, said that it is really unreasonable in the US recycling of lithium-ion batteries, she said: local unless you have to sell it, because there is battery and construction site. So, will there be a need for my country? my country's battery recycling layout is early, the US-in-Choice is difficult to recycle battery recycling, our country is in front of the United States. In order to deal with new energy vehicle power storage battery recycling problems, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology will organize China Tie Tower Co.

, Ltd., etc., in 2018, organized my country Tower Co.

, Ltd., etc. Key technology research and development, standard normative research and information platform construction, etc.

For a long time, the base station spare power of Tie Tower used the lead-acid battery, and about 100,000 tons of lead-acid batteries per year. In 2015, Tower Company has carried out a ladder by more than 3,000 base stations in 12 provinces and cities. The battery is used to replace lead-acid battery experiments.

Recently, the Tower Company announced that the purchase of lead-acid batteries and vigorously promoted the use of lithium-ion batteries. Tower company speeds up the ladder of the base station, using the demonstration promotion, 2018 has stopped purchasing lead-acid batteries, unified purchase of ladder. As of the end of 2018, approximately 1.

5GWh, about 120,000 base stations in 31 provinces and cities across the country, replacing approximately 45,000 tons of lead-acid batteries. Tower company cooperates with my country FAW, SAIC Group, etc., has a construction of recycling channels, and take the lead in implementation in Shanghai, Hubei, Guangdong and other regions; cooperate with the renewable use of companies to optimize the retired power storage battery recycling process to ensure the use of the paper Battery aggregation recycling and harmless disposal.

In addition, the iron tower promotes the cooperation of production and research, the lead industry has broken through a group of ladder utilization key technologies such as batteries, capacity comprehensive assessment, unified battery management system communication interface and protocol requirements, and promoting the intelligent and standardization of ladder utilization. The company has formed a "ladder battery product product technology standard" "ladder battery pack, transportation and warehousing control requirements" related technical standards, lead development industry standard "Communication base station ladder" technical requirements and experimental methods ", Fill in the domestic communication industry, the technical specification is made, leading the ladder to use technological progress. Tower has played a desirable demonstration.

According to the planning of Tower, in 2019, it will continue to use the battery to use the battery. It is expected to use the ladder to use the battery about 5GWH, replace the lead-acid battery about 150,000 tons, and it is expected that the energy storage battery exceeds 50,000 tons. In the 17 provinces and cities construction, 150 recycling service outlets, and develop a number of use models such as the integrated power management method, break through the residual evaluation, rapid test, and improve the optimization of technical standards.

In fact, in addition to my country Tower, there are also many relevant companies in my country, and the company has been laid out in battery recycling. Therefore, if the United States intends to sell the recycled raw materials, it may be a little difficult.

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