Author ：Iflowpower – Portable Power Station Supplier
my country's energy storage network, as the world's energy consumption, the United States consumes approximately 2 billion batteries a year, spending a total of $ 10.4 billion, the same as my country, also facing the huge challenges of abandoning battery pollution. The data released by the US Environmental Protection Agency, American Aluminum Association, American Forestry and Paper Association, Rubber Manufacturing Association, and US Waste Circular Utilization Association, between 2004 and 2009, US lead-acid battery recovery rate of 97%, Lower than recovery of substances such as aluminum, paper, glass, newspapers and tires.
It is an important participant in recovery consumers who are recovered by old-reserved consumers. The number of ordinary consumers is large, and the management is difficult. Therefore, many states have taken old-to-new ways to encourage consumers to actively participate in the recycling of waste batteries.
For example, when Connecticut requires consumers to purchase lead-acid batteries, they should use old batteries to change one; Oregon also requires retailers to recover a lead-acid battery to consumers at least each time; Minnesota stipulates that consumers each time Up to 5 waste batteries can be handed over to retailers. If consumers are not overcoming to trade, they need to pay more costs. Wisconsin's law stipulates that retailers sell a lead-acid battery to consumers, and return $ 2 to consumers when they recover.
In Colombia, if consumers pay the battery to pay the battery to the retailer, the retailer can charge it at least 10 US dollars. It is worth mentioning that Texas has made meticulous divisions of the recovery cost of different batteries, the voltage below 12 volts must pay $ 2, 12 volts and above the battery to pay 3 US dollars. Capacitor, weight and size meet certain specified small lead-acid batteries, no payment.
As a strict regulatory retailer as a link between ordinary consumers, battery manufacturers and recycling agencies, retailers also play a crucial use of battery recovery, the key points of state legal norms. In addition, according to the laws of state, the waste lead-acid battery will not be treated according to the provisions of the waste, and the penalty of different levels and even penalty punishment. Take Utah as an example, retailers shall not discard the waste batteries of consumers, but must be handed over to batteries wholesaler, producers, specialized recycling institutions or federal and state government approval.
Once retailers and wholesalers have violated the regulations, they will be discarded by the lead-acid battery, and will be sentenced to B-level crime (one of light sins). After unified recycling, consumers pay the waste battery to the retailer, the retailer must transfer the battery to the recycling mechanism. In transportation, the staff must ensure that the battery is properly loaded, prevent battery damage, short circuit, electrolyte or powder leakage.
At the same time, the battery delivery tool and the goods must be marked with the hazardous waste tips and retain three years inventory records. Once the battery is broken, it must be placed in a polyethylene plastic bag having a thickness of 6 mm to transport with unavoidable batteries. If the battery cover is lost, you must replace the new cover and keep the battery integrity.
After the battery reaches the recycling place, it will pass the steps of separation processing, rework and new product manufacturing, and complete transformation from pollution sources to new products. After the used battery is pulverized, it is placed in a special container, wherein the lead and heaviest material sinks into the bottom, and the plastic and liquid components are also separated, and the leads into different processing processes respectively. The plastic was melted after cleaning and drying, and then pressed into a size unified shape, sold to the battery manufacturer, used as a battery case, and entered the production and circulation link again.
Lead in the waste battery is also melted after cleaning, pour it into the special mold, and filter the impurities and then cool. After that, these solid lead will be shipped to the battery factory, melted again, used to produce new batteries. (Source: First electric network).
Copyright © 2023 iFlowpower - Guangzhou Quanqiuhui Network Technique Co., Ltd.