Author ：Iflowpower – Portable Power Station Supplier
Whether it is from the perspective of environmental protection, the recovery and ladder utilization of the power lithium-ion battery have been imminent from the perspective of environmental protection. At the 2016 high-rise lithium-electricity and electric car annual meeting, including the founder of Ningde Times, Zeng Qun, Gu Xuan Quanke (002074) President Fang Jianhua, Greenmeal (002340) New Energy Materials Research Institute, executive vice president, Xu Shi, etc. Importance of cycle use of dynamic lithium-ion battery.
Although the importance of battery recovery and ladder utilization, long-term, due to lack of recycling standards, recycling battery technology route complicated, high recycling, high cost, uneven, waste battery, small volume, etc. The enthusiasm of the industry's recovery and reuse of the industry is not high. On December 1, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology announced "Interim Measures for New Energy Automobile Power Battery Recycling Management (Draft for Comment)" (hereinafter referred to as "Opinions"), making details on the management and requirements of the full life cycle of the dynamic lithium-ion battery Provisions, and propose corresponding rewards and punishment measures.
The opinion clearly implements the production person's responsibility extension system, the automobile production company undertakes the main responsibility of the power storage battery recycling. Car companies are responsible for establishing recycling service outlets, or cooperating with battery production companies, recycling the company to form battery recycling services. The opinion decided to solve the problem of the responsibility of the battery recovery main body of the industry, and the use of recycling of the battery is a good.
However, from the host factory, battery factory and professional third-party battery recycling institutions, the above institutions believe that the vehicle enterprises have certain feasibility, but it is not optimistic about the actual effect, and ultimately may only flow in the form. Stay on the surface. Car enterprise: More than one thing is not as small as a small event, the recycling of the power lithium-ion battery, the vehicle company does not seem to be interested.
"The attitude of the main plant is basically more than a matter of less, you can hide, you can't hide, you can't find the battery factory or third party cooperation to pass the pressure and risk. "The person in charge of a new energy vehicle company said that due to the re-use of the dynamic lithium-ion battery, it is unclear and complex difficulties. It is basically no interest to the vehicle, so the vehicle company will not take the initiative.
Important responsibility for recycling and renewal of dynamic lithium ion batteries. Although the car is unwilling to take the initiative, the industry believes that the authority of the comments stipulates that the main responsibility of the battery recovery main body is not too big in generous, and the main plant will bear more responsibility is not realistic. Recycling method is still subject to.
"Statisting of the host factory as the responsible subject of battery recycling, traces the responsibility source, and establishing a complete recycling system is feasible, but there are many problems in the actual implementation process. "Nanjing Jinlong Products Director Huang Fu Lili pointed out that after the responsibility of the responsibility, the cost of the battery and the safety problem existing during the battery recovery process and the safety issues in the dismantling process became the difference between car companies and other companies. In this regard, the battery production company believes that they will sell the powerful lithium-ion battery to the vehicle company.
The cost of recycling should be responsible by the vehicle company; the vehicle company believes that the battery is used by consumers for a few years, if recycling, the whole car Companies and consumers should bear the costs; consumers believe that their batteries are recycled, and the vehicle company and battery production will give certain subsidies. It is worth noting that the main plant is not intensive with many batteries. At present, in addition to China Aviation Lithium Electric, BYD (002594), Ningde Times, ZTE, and other large-scale battery companies, most battery companies have no corresponding battery recovery solutions.
"From the requirements of the opinion, the future dynamic lithium-ion battery companies should have the corresponding battery recycling method, responsible for the company's own battery recycling. "Anti-Lithium-Electrical Related person in charge said that although some powerful lithium-ion battery companies and third-party recycling companies have established a small trial or an inter-test production line, the dismantling recycling and re-use work, but all in the research phase and the reserve stage. At present, China AVC has begun related research in the development of dynamic lithium-ion battery gradient utilization system and recycling, including scrap dynamic lithium-ion battery recycling industrialization technology, high-capacity battery dismantling and low energy recovery technology, electrolyte collection and harmless Processing technology, battery material circulation technology, battery recovery industrialization technology.
The company is building power lithium-ion battery recycling and ladder utilization industrial chain, and has reached a consensus with some new energy car companies. Third Party: The actual dynamic lithium-ion battery recovery executive learned that although the main plant is stated that the main body of the power storage battery recovery, the main plant and the battery factory believe that the ideal cooperation model is a professional third-party institution as an executive main body. , Host mills and battery plants are more suitable.
Professional people do professional things more effective. "The responsible subject of the car is a battery-recovered responsibility, but more just bear the name of the responsibility, actually is actually implemented by third-party agencies, and the final responsibility is also attributed to third parties. "Professional waste battery recycling institutions Bond Group's relevant person in charge said that the current main plant and battery factory and third-party agencies are more flexible in battery recycling, and important is to authorize third-party full power, so actually third parties More responsibility.
It is understood that the current Bangpu has established the cooperative relationship with the battery recovery and re-use, with the ability to recover 30,000 tons of waste dynamic lithium-ion batteries. At present, it has explored the profitable business model, combined Battery company has formed a complete circular economy of the green manufacturing industry. It is worth noting that although the industry and the country emphasize the first retiring battery first-rate, after regeneration, improve the value of the battery lifecycle.
However, there are very few batteries that are rarely recovered in the industry for the ladder, but directly become materials for regeneration. On the one hand, the standard standards of power lithium-ion battery are not uniform. The monomer is poor, the cost is high, the recovery body is small, the technology is not mature, the battery is difficult to achieve industrialization in a short period of time.
The high-rise school research institute (GGII) high school pointed out that my country's energy storage applications have not yet been developed, and the ladder is not started in the field of energy storage. The relevant parameters and technologies are very complex, and the long-term repetitive argumentation and experiment. On the other hand, the safety responsibility and after-sales maintenance of the battery ladder are unknown also to hinder the main cause of the powerful lithium-ion battery.
The relevant person in charge of the Bangu Group frankly, many host plants and battery factories clearly expressed unwilling batteries for the recycling battery, preventing safety accidents in the ladder using a negative impact on the company's brand, so they directly put waste batteries It is a current important recovery method to become a material.
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