The new rule 'comes "car power lithium battery recycling effect is to be verified

2022/04/08

  Author :Iflowpower – Portable Power Station Supplier

In recent years, with the enhancement of public environmental awareness and the vigor of national policies, new energy vehicles have risen rapidly. As the core component of the new energy car - the demand for power lithium battery is also developed rapidly, and the usual life of the general power lithium battery is only 5-8 years. Well-known economic scholars, Financial Reviewers Guo Fanli said in an interview with reporters that "According to forecasting, by 2020, the amount of powerful lithium-ion battery will have more than 120,000 to 170,000 tons, and 2016 actual dismantling is less than 10,000 Ton, this will form a great problem for sustainable development of new energy auto industry.

"In order to ensure sustainable development of new energy auto industry, regulate the recycling and dismantling of my country's car power lithium battery, improve professional technology, and improve the dynamic lithium battery recycling system, since December 1," "vehicle power Lithium battery recycling dismantling specification "(hereinafter referred to as" "dismantling specification") officially implemented. This is the first national standard for the domestic residential recycling of power lithium batteries by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology. The standard is clearly indicated that the recycling dismantling company should have relevant qualifications, further guarantee the safety, environmental protection and efficient recycling utilization of dynamic lithium battery.

"Decomposition Specification" has strictly demanded strict requirements for the safety, operation procedures, storage and management of waste dynamic lithium battery recycling, and standardizes the recycling and dismantling, professionalism of my country's vehicle power lithium battery to a certain extent. Technology and power lithium battery recovery system, it is expected to solve the problem of industry development. However, the reporter also learned in the interview that the implementation of the "dismantling norm" is subject to the comprehensive impact of the scale of the scales, the degree of demand recovery technology and the final landing implementation, and the specific implementation effect needs to be verified.

The company cannot respond to large-scale scrap recycling. The recycling of my country's powered lithium batteries is important as a ladder utilization and dismantling and recycling two cycle processes. Dynamic lithium battery performance will attenuate as the number of charging changes, when the battery capacity is attenuated to 80% or less, the power lithium battery is not suitable for the application of electric vehicles.

The ladder uses refers to the use of the powerful lithium battery, which is used in the fields of energy storage, distributed photovoltaic power generation, low-speed electric vehicles and other fields. When the battery is unable to use the ladder, the disassembly recycling is required. In interview, the reporter learned that the scrap dynamic lithium battery is not properly handled, it will not only cause waste, but also cause huge pollution on the environment.

At present, my country's powered lithium battery is important in lithium iron phosphate, and some ternary lithium ion batteries, as well as a small amount of lithium titanate, lithium cobaltate, lithium manganate ion battery. This type of power lithium battery is characterized by whether it is a positive material, negative electrode material, or an electrolyte, if the improper treatment will have a major negative effect on the environment, including new high-energy power lithium battery fluulinations that may occur in the next few years. Lithium ion batteries, etc.

On the other hand, according to the relevant mechanism, the number of recycling markets created from the recovery of cobalt, nickel, manganese, lithium, iron and aluminum and aluminum, and aluminum in 2018 will reach 5.323 billion yuan, reaching 101 in 2020. 100 million yuan, 2023 waste lithium-ion battery market will reach 25 billion yuan.

Therefore, the relevant person in charge of the Global Environmental Protection Research Institute told reporters that "about the recycling of the dynamic lithium battery can only save the cost of raw material for battery manufacturers, create economic value, can also promote the trail of the green circulation. "However, he also worried that my country's car power lithium battery recycling is small, and has not yet formed a recycling market. Value metal.

Guo Fanli told reporters: "Most of the people who are currently engaged in car power lithium battery recycling is unified individual operators, recycling behavior is driven by interest and lacks constraints. The number of renewable uses of the end is small, small, environmental protection facilities lack, technology backward, car power lithium battery recycling comprehensive resource utilization is low, environmental pollution is serious. "In fact, as early as two years ago, there is a company home in the industry, very optimistic about the prospects of the power lithium battery recycling, and is exploring related industrial models.

Even the company said that even if it is not profitable, only for the company's responsibility, but also to make a recycling. In an interview with a reporter, "At present, there is a strong powerful, high-capacity, environmentally friendly, high-level power, high-level power, high-level, and Jiangmen Changyou, but it is still not enough to respond to large-scale scrap. Recycle.

"The market recycling itself is worth noting. It is worth noting that there are still many problems in my country's car power lithium battery recycling itself. "Recycling network system is not perfect.

"Industry insiders said that my country's car power lithium battery recycling has not established effective recycling models. The market is not standardized. The overall is in a disorderless state, a number of acquisitions, dispersed operations, and high recovery costs.

The company is difficult to develop. "Recycling technology lag. my country's dynamic lithium battery research is intended to improve its safety performance and service life, and the related technology research and development of recycling links is severely detached.

"Industry insiders explained that there is lack of technical support in the consistency of abandoned vehicle power lithium batteries and battery-forming connection technology, residual life model, safety performance index, engineering practical application, recycling and re-resource process equipment capabilities It is difficult to effectively achieve power lithium battery recovery and step utilization. In addition, the subject of responsibility is not clear, etc. is also a major challenge in my country's driving power lithium battery.

"At present, my country's vehicle power lithium battery recycling is important involving battery producers, vehicle companies, recycling companies, consumers and other related subjects. Due to lack of relevant laws and regulations, the responsible subject for recycling of vehicle power lithium batteries is not clear, Become a primary obstacle to carry out recycling management of car power lithium batteries. "Industry insiders say.

How to solve these problems? In this regard, Guo Fanli suggested that, first, we must promote management policy research, improve the standard system, improve the "dismantling norm"; secondly, establish a national vehicle power lithium battery management information system, detailed record power lithium battery Lifecycle information, support recycling system construction; again, the state should strengthen scientific research, technical equipment development and demonstration application of recycling of abandoned vehicle power lithium batteries; in addition, to strengthen publicity, establish a vehicle power lithium battery recycling Utilized responsible subject, popularizing environmental knowledge, changing the traditional concept of consumers and practitioners. "Decomposition Specification" is not an universal medicine in the industry, the announcement of "dismantling norm", solves the problem of imperfect support of the vehicle power lithium battery legal standard, providing the recycling management link of my country's car power lithium battery Technical support. However, really wants that the power-lithium battery recovery is really easy to enter the circular utilization.

After the "Decomposition Specification" is officially implemented, my country's car power lithium battery recovery challenge has not decreased. Guo Fanli believes that after the "Decomposition Norm" is officially implemented, we must first face the battery recycling market that presents "scattered, chaos, poor" characteristics. The government should pay for the market specifications.

At the same time, he also said that engaged in the driving lithium battery recovery work to have enough professional understanding and understanding, and the current battery recovery professionals are very scarce. The industry told reporters. "At present, the dismantling of my country's dynamic lithium battery is still in its infancy, and the technical conditions are still immature.

". The implementation of the "Demolition Specification" is subject to the comprehensive impact of factors such as the scale of the scales, the progress of the demand recovery technology and the final landing implementation. "In addition, recycling the impact of the environment and the environment is also the problem that the battery is recovered.

"Disassembly Specification" is supplied to the battery guarantee for battery recycling, but the effect is to be verified. After the "dismantling specification" is implemented, how do relevant companies have to force? In Guo Fanli, the recycling technology, the recycling system is two aspects of relevant companies. "Recycling technology is the biggest difficulty of recycling of vehicle batteries.

High-end recycling technology in developed countries guarantee that the waste battery recycling company can obtain profits, and unreasonable recycling is easy to cause environmental pollution and safety hazards. A sound recycling system is the key to the continuous development of the industry. Only by creating a socially win--win industry chain life ring, my country's vehicle power lithium battery recycling industry will be effectively developed.

".

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