Author ：Iflowpower – Portable Power Station Supplier
On March 14, a reporter learned from China Tower Energy Innovation Center that China Tower Energy Innovation Center has completed the preparation and reporting of "New Energy Automobile Power Battery Recycling" (hereinafter referred to as "Implementation Plan") Research and floor implementation of the dynamic battery ladder. In the view of the "implementation plan" Very impact. Scrapped battery recycling is forced to understand that since 2014 domestic promotion and application new energy cars, it has promoted more than 1.
8 million new energy vehicles, assembled by about 86.9GWH in the end of 2017. According to the prediction of China Automotive Technology Research Center, the use of power batteries is generally 5-8 years, which means that new energy batteries in the previous investment market are basically eliminated.
However, it is worrying that in 2015, the domestic scrap power battery accumulated 20,000 -4 million tons. The corresponding battery recovery rate is only 2%. In this regard, how to do a good job in the recovery and processing of retired batteries has become an industry.
One major problem. It is worth noting that the waste power battery not only has the possibility of heavy metal pollution, but electrolytes also have strong corrosive and toxicity, which is easy to produce poisonous chemical gases, endanger human health, and there is no complete system in China to guide from automakers. To the operation process of battery recovery, this also makes new energy vehicles have always disputed in pollution issues.
China Automotive Technology Research Center data shows that 2018-2020, the national accumulated scrap power battery will reach 120,000 to now to 20,000 tons; to the 2025 movement battery annual report or size of 350,000 tons. With the rapid development of the new energy automobile industry, my country has become the world's largest new energy automobile production and sales country, and the production and sales volume of power storage batteries will also climb year by year. The power storage battery is widely concerned.
Policy encourages the ladder to use in fact, the uncoming new energy vehicle power battery recycling, has attracted the attention of relevant departments. On February 26 this year, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Ministry of Science and Technology, the Ministry of Environment, issued the "Interim Measures for the Administration of New Energy Automobile Power Battery Recycling" (hereinafter referred to as "Interim Measures"). A scientific and technological research, which is designed to support the recycling of power storage batteries, guide production and research collaboration, encourage ladder utilization and regeneration utilization, driving power storage battery recycling mode innovation.
In order to implement the "Interim Measures", on March 2, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, etc. By 2020, establish a comprehensive power battery recycling system, explore the formation of power storage battery recycling and use innovation business cooperation model. According to the "Implementation Plan", fully implement the manufacturer's responsibility extension system, by automobile production enterprises, battery production enterprises, scrapped car recycling and dismantling enterprises and comprehensive utilization enterprises, etc.
According to the public information, China Tower has nearly 2 million iron towers in the country, with a total of approximately 136 million kWh. At the beginning of 2018, 16 iron tower companies, Chongqing Changan, BYD, Yinlong New Energy, Watma, Guoxuan Quanke, Sandon New Energy and other 16 companies signed a new energy vehicle power battery recycling and utilization strategic partner agreement. The reporter finds that most iron towers are still primitives based on lead-acid batteries due to factors such as price, service life, which also means that the power battery reincarnation price given by China Tower is very low.
With the launch of the "implementation plan", China Tower and 16 car companies have signed the price and recycling method, which means that the recovery price will be expected to increase significantly. The difficulty of supervision, but the recycling of power storage batteries is an emerging field. It is currently in its infancy, and it is also facing some prominent problems and difficulties.
At present, most power storage batteries have not been retired, and there is no effective cooperation mechanism between enterprises such as automobile production, battery production, comprehensive utilization. In terms of implementing the manufacturer's responsibility extension, further refinement and improvement of relevant legal support. At the same time, the recycling technology ability is insufficient.
According to the data, the company's technical reserve is insufficient, the power storage battery ecological design, the ladder utilization, the efficient extraction of high-efficiency metals, etc. Retired power storage battery discharge, storage, and ladder use of products, etc. The relevant fiscal and tax incentives have not been perfect, and the market-based recycling mechanism has not yet been established.
Cui Dongshu, secretary-general of the National Passenger Car Information, said that "implementation plan" clarifies the recycling of new energy vehicle power batteries, focusing on ensuring that the waste power battery is back to formal regeneration, but the residual price of the waste power battery The assessment still lacks unified standards, while the regeneration utilization of the power battery can achieve effective supervision, will also become a difficulty of implementation of the Implementation Plan. An industry insiders who do not want to be famous, believe that power battery technology is the core technology of new energy vehicles. Under the premise of battery technology, it is directly related to new energy vehicles as a product cost.
The landing of the "implementation plan" also means that new energy vehicle power battery recovery will gradually standardize, providing new growth motivation for new energy vehicles. .
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