Author ：Iflowpower – Portable Power Station Supplier
Under policies, benefits, responsibilities, etc., more and more companies have begun to start recycling of lithium-ion batteries in layout. In addition to the establishment of professional dynamic lithium-ion battery recycling companies, including BYD, Watma, Guoxuan Haoke, CATL, China Aviation, Bike, etc.
, is driving Lithium-ion battery recycling field launched a positive market layout. Since this year, with the continuous announcement of the third batch of catalogs, the situation of new energy vehicles production and sales have gradually recovered, but the problem of waste-driven lithium-ion battery recycling is not well solved. Relevant institutions expect to have more than 200,000 tons of power lithium-ion batteries to scrapped by 2020, but the scale of recovery market created by cobalt, nickel, manganese, lithium, iron and aluminum, and aluminum from waste dynamic lithium-ion batteries.
More than 10 billion yuan, form a new profit market. At the end of January this year, the "Guiding Opinions on Accelerating the Development of Recycling Resources Industry" jointly issued by the Ministry of Commerce, the Ministry of Commerce, and the Ministry of Science and Technology, including the new energy power lithium-ion battery recycling problem into major pilot demonstration projects, focusing around Demonstration site for new energy vehicles such as New Energy Vehicles such as Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta, Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, Choosing Several Cities. It is understood that this is also a pilot work for the first time for the recycling of power lithium-ion battery.
The guidance also mentioned that the powerful lithium-ion battery recycling should establish a traceability management system to establish a tractless management system through an information from an information from the Internet, large data, and support the establishment of a strong uniform, economically good recycling model, and carry out steps and Use technology research, product development and demonstration application. Although the policy points to clear, the company actively participates, but the system on the recycling of the dynamic lithium-ion battery is not well established. The research data shows that the powerful lithium-ion batteries that actually enter the dismantling recovery in 2016 are less than 10,000 tons, more than 80% of the scrapped batteries are still stranded in the car companies.
According to industry, this is due to the technical rules and corresponding economic problems of the dynamic lithium-ion battery and the corresponding economic problems have not been resolved. At present, the recycling process of the power lithium-ion battery is important: power lithium-ion battery manufacturer uses electric vehicle manufacturers to complete sales networks, recycling waste batteries in the back logistics. Consumers will return the scrapped power lithium-ion battery to the nearby new energy vehicle sales service outlets, according to the cooperation agreement of battery manufacturers and new energy automobile manufacturers, new energy vehicles producers to the battery production company, and then Battery company for specialized recovery.
Typically, the recycling of the waste dynamic lithium-ion battery can be divided into two trends: first is the ladder utilization, the important target for the reduction of capacity (below 80%) and cannot supply power for electric vehicles. This battery is not scrapped, can still continue to use in other ways, for example for electric energy storage; second is a disassembly recovery, a waste battery for those battery capacity, unable to use, after disassembling, recovery Use the value of regenerative resources. Under policies, benefits, responsibilities, etc.
, more and more companies have begun to start recycling of lithium-ion batteries in layout. In addition to the establishment of professional dynamic lithium-ion battery recycling companies, including BYD, Watma, Guoxuan Haoke, CATL, China Aviation, Bike, etc., is driving Lithium-ion battery recycling field launched a positive market layout.
As a domestic new energy vehicle leader, BYD established a complete power lithium-ion battery recovery system. Typically, BYD will entrust the company's dealer to recycle waste power lithium-ion batteries. When a customer requests to replace or scrapped the vehicle to recover the power lithium-ion battery, the dealer will take the waste power lithium-ion battery from the body, concentrated to BYD Bao Long Factory for preliminary testing.
If the waste battery can continue to use, Baolong Factory will further test it, and these batteries will continue to be applied in the field of home energy storage or base station alternate power supply. If the battery is not reused, the BYD Bao Long Factory will transport these batteries to the relevant departments of Huizhou Materials Factory, and then dismantle the recovery and recycling. Not only the process is perfect, but the efficiency of recycling is very high.
Watma passed the declaration and undertaking Shenzhen Municipal Large-capacity Energy Storage Power Station Construction and Demonstration Applications, and explored two sets of retired dynamic lithium-ion battery recycling ladder, that is, the retired power lithium ion battery is tested, and there is a ladder utilization value The battery is used in the energy storage power station and the mobile supplement, the power lithium-ion battery cannot be used to decompose the material to decompose, prevent pollution to environmental pollution. During the recovery of lithium-ion battery, Watma has adjusted multi-elevated components by the company's original "directional cycle" model and the world's leading "reverse product positioning design" technology to formulate multi-element components, supplemented by the synthetic solution. The thermal and power pH regulation, realizing the "directional circulation" from the waste battery to the battery material, thereby organic integration of the battery from manufacturing, consumption to recycling throughout the circulation.
"About the dynamic lithium-ion battery that has ended the service life, we will recycle test and put into the cyclic use in other applications, our battery cells have reached 99%. "Ningde Times CTO Ge Ren also said that Ningde Times has been used from material, battery, battery pack, manufacturing, battery recovery, ladder, and then to purify the core technology of the raw material circulation. In addition to this kind of power-to-lithium-ion battery company, there are also professional battery recycling platforms.
For example, Bond Group invests 1.2 billion yuan in Ningxiang, Changsha, Hunan Province, setting up a professional battery recycling factory. According to the general manager of the vice president of Bond Group, Yu Navy, the factory has built into production, and Bangp will form the ability of the annual recycling of more than 100,000 tons of waste dynamic lithium-ion batteries.
Yu Navy believes that most of the vehicle factory and the battery factory have three aspects of the recycling area: first is the relevant experience and professional ability of battery recycling; secondly does not have technical equipment for battery recovery; recycle the field again Compared with the automotive and battery industries, it is only a small micro-profit industry. Therefore, most of the vehicle batteries will cooperate with third-party professional recycling organizations like Bangu, professional recycling of waste batteries. Despite the good market prospects, there are not many companies involved in the battery recycling business, and more than the company involved in the considers of responsibility, it is really possible to realize the less profitable.
All in all, the economic benefits of retired batteries currently recycling are not obvious, which is important to be less capacity of the current decommissioning battery market, while the cost consumes too much during the recycling process of the battery. "Recycling process technology for waste batteries is complex, the process is relatively long, and there is no mature complete set of equipment in the industry. Bangpu's key equipment in front-end physical treatment and backend chemistry is from Bangpu independent research and development and design.
It is also developed with the Academy of cooperation with the Academy of Sciences. "Yu Navy mentioned that the battery recycling company's investment in the pre-equipment and process will also be very large. At the same time, battery recovery is constantly optimized and upgraded in both physical technology, chemical techniques or back-end synthesis technology.
The original traditional wet smelting and manual dismantling technology solves the environmental protection issues and safety issues from complex structures that cannot be complex by power lithium-ion batteries. In addition, how is the residual rate of the battery determined that the battery is an entry of the ladder or entering dismantling, no convenient and effective method. In the "two sessions" held in March this year, Zhang Tianshi, the Chairman of the People's Congress on behalf of Tianneng Group, "To increase key technical research on disassembly, restructuring, test and life prediction of waste, reorganization, test and life prediction, improve technical maturity and production The security of the process, as well as automation level and recovery efficiency, so that the power-based lithium ion battery recovery is economically feasible and safe.
". In addition to the lack of equipment, technology, the current market volume is not large and the restricting battery recycling profit crux. Usually the new energy car will face the problem of replacing the battery, and the high-frequency use models such as taxi, bus, etc.
may be shortened to 3 years. However, my country's new energy car market is concentrated in 2015, so the large-scale exchange call is an estimate of 2018. In addition, the responsible subject for battery recovery is not clear.
Although the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and the Development and Reform Commission jointly announced the "Electric Automotive Power Battery Recycling Technology Policy", the first time clearly clear the main body. It can be understood as: Who is responsible, who pollutes who govern?. However, this also means that power production companies and automakers have an indelible responsibility on the problem of dynamic lithium-ion battery recovery.
For power lithium-ion battery companies, they believe that the power lithium-ion battery has been sold to the car, then the cost of recycling should be responsible by car companies. However, the vehicle enterprise believes that the battery is the production of dynamic lithium-ion batteries, and the car is just a use party, even if the recovery should jointly bear this fee. However, in the current dynamic lithium-ion battery recovery, the current technology is immature, battery companies and new energy vehicles do not want to take responsibility for battery recycling.
Therefore, many car companies show that the powerful lithium ion battery will be handed over to third-party recycling mechanisms. They have technical advantages and related experience, and they are not to deal with the good return of retired batteries. It is understood that companies in the market have a lot of recycling and utilization qualifications, and due to each dynamic lithium-ion battery company products, there is no effective detection method for all power lithium-ion batteries, give detection The process also brought certain difficulties.
For the power lithium-ion battery industry, although the recycling project has many complexities, it is difficult to make a profit in a short time. But as more and more batteries are about to retire, battery recycling will also form 10 billion market size. In advance layout dynamic lithium-ion battery recycling, not only to extend battery life, but also create new profits to the company.
It is undeniable that the 2017 lithium-ion battery recovery will usher in a fast growth period.
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