Author ：Iflowpower – Portable Power Station Supplier
"Waste dynamic lithium-ion battery dismantling process will also have pollution such as exhaust gas, waste liquid, waste residue, once the organic electrolyte and cobalt, copper, nickel, etc., it will bring ecological environmental safety hazards, Even hazardous human health. "The Chairman of the National People's Congress, Chairman Zhang Tiandu, is in an interview with" my country Automobile News "reporter.
This year, he will propose "Accelerating the Recycling of Waste Dynamic Lithium Ion Battery". After several years of technical research, this team successfully increased the recycling rate of waste lead acid batteries to around 98%, and now, the recycling of the dynamic lithium-ion battery is now. Although the suggestion of the dynamic lithium-ion battery recovery is only one of the 17 motions and suggestions of the two conferences that Zhang Tianshi, this year, but this is probably the issue of the entire new energy automobile industry.
Before submitting suggestions, Zhang Tian Ren and his team specialize in the current situation of the current development of new energy automotive industries and the current situation of the recycling of dynamic lithium-ion batteries. Since the 1990s, with the wide application of lithium-ion batteries, my country has become the world's largest lithium-ion battery production, consumption and exporting country. In recent years, my country has introduced subsidies, tax and fee reduction, research and development support, consumption, foundation A series of major policy measures such as facilities, new energy auto market is growing.
In 2016, my country's new energy vehicle sales reached 507,000, including more than 1 million units, accounting for 50% of the global market, and it is expected that it will exceed 5 million in 2020. With the rapid development of new energy vehicles, as the "heart" of new energy vehicles, the power lithium-ion battery industry is also rapidly increased. According to the corresponding scrap standard, the power lithium ion battery recycling market has been formed.
Some research data indicated that by 2018, my country's powered lithium-ion battery waste recycling market will begin a scale, accumulating the waste-powered lithium-ion battery exceeds 12GWH, the scrap volume exceeds 170,000 tons, from the medium recovery of cobalt, nickel, manganese, lithium, iron The scale of recycling market created with aluminum and other metals will exceed 5.3 billion yuan, and more than 10 billion yuan will be more than 2020. The 2023 waste lithium-ion battery market will reach 25 billion yuan.
"Accelerating the powerful lithium-ion battery recycling is imminent, which is also a major topic affecting the development of new energy auto industry. "Zhang Tianshi believes that if the power lithium-ion battery is not recycled, it violates the original intention of green development. Although the country has introduced a series of policies to promote the recycling of lithium-ion batteries, the reality is that the power lithium-ion battery recycling has not truly effectively implemented.
"Waste dynamic lithium ion batteries include different types, design processes and string parallel formations, as well as diversified service time, application models and use conditions, which lead to inconvenience of battery dismissions. In addition, there is no mature recovery system that has not yet established a mature recovery system, and the dynamic lithium-ion battery recycling industry has not formed a scale effect, and the recovery process is high. "Zhang Tianyi said," the policy issued is not mandatory, lacks a clear reward and punishment mechanism, plus the recycling economy of the dynamic lithium-ion battery is not high, the current power lithium-ion battery-related subject is unprofitable, implementation Not high enthusiasm.
"Summary At present, the current dynamic lithium-ion battery recycling is the face of the face of the face," First, the retired battery is more complicated, it is not easy to disassemble; the second is the difference between the retired battery, the quality is not high; the third is that the recycling cost is higher. Low earnings; fourth is the lack of supervision of recycling policies, and do not implement. "If there is a problem, there must be a solution.
Zhang Tian serve the recycling of the dynamic lithium-ion battery also opened its own prescription: 1. Study the standardization of the battery and implement the traceability system; Second, increase battery recycling and reuse key technology R & D; its third, develop and implement power lithium-ion battery recycling reagent and punishment measures; its four, encourage business model innovation pilot and promotion applications. .
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