Author ：Iflowpower – Portable Power Station Supplier
When the earliest electric car started to be eliminated, a spectacular power lithium battery "retired tide" swept, the power lithium battery recycling also became an important issue in front of the industry. Recently, in my country's Automotive Industry Development (TEDA) International Forum, the deputy director of the Ministry of Transportation Department, the deputy director of the Ministry of Transport, "To accelerate the improvement of the recycling system of the powerful lithium battery. "However, recent," my country's Business News "reporter survey found that there is a" underground recycling "with" underground recycling "with the high-speed rising electric vehicle rapidly rising.
In the survey, the reporter found that many "small workshops" have a pilot lithium battery recycling, dismantling business, giving the environment, and dynamic lithium battery recycling industries. In the face of chaos of "underground recovery", Beiqi new energy is said in an interview with reporters. "If you want to completely solve the risk of environmental pollution, it is more important that the industry and government must strengthen supervision and will publish relevant management specifications and standards.
The system is in place, and the current situation of some unregulated small workshops undertakes the situation of recycling mains. Since these small workshops do not have relevant qualifications, there is generally safe hidden danger and environmental risk. "The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology said when he replied to the Second Conference of the Thirteen National People's Congress," New Energy Automobile Power Battery Recycling "is a complex system engineering.
The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology will promote regional strengthening cooperation through pilot demonstrations, implement the information sharing of each link, and build a powerful battery recycling system for benign development. "Entering the powerful reporting period of the power lithium battery to enter the large-scale scrap period, will promote the development opportunities of the waste battery recycling market. Since 2015, my country's new energy vehicles have launted the rapid rise in the world's first in four years.
The rapid rise of new energy vehicles has driven strong development of the power lithium battery installation, and my country's power lithium battery installed in 2015. From 16GWH to 57GWH, the annual complex increase rate reached 54%. As the power lithium battery is installed, the problem of power lithium battery recovery has become more urgent.
According to the investment securities research, according to the use of life life of the power lithium battery 4 years to 6 years, the power lithium battery production in 2014 began to enter the scrap period in 2018. It is estimated that by 2020, my country will have about 240,000 tons of retirement lithium. Ion battery, 530,000 tons of retired lithium-ion batteries will appear in 2022.
According to the 4 years of service life, 2018 is the first year of power lithium battery recovery, 2019 ushered in power lithium battery scale scrap period. And at the same time, with the arrival of a large scale, the powerful lithium battery recycling industry business opportunities have gradually highlighted. According to the "Dynamic Lithium Battery Recycling Industry Deep Research Report", the market space of the power lithium battery is expected to over 60 billion yuan in 2019 ~ 2025, 50% of the composite growth rate.
Among them, 2018 to 2020, the ladder is 47 billion yuan, and the cumulative market space will reach 17.1 billion yuan by 2025; 2019~2025, the three-dimensional ion battery, the metal recovery market space of nickel, cobalt, manganese, and lithium in three yuan 43.6 billion yuan.
In the face of hidden hidden opportunities, in addition to the third-party recycling company represented by Hunan Bangp, Greenmei, many car companies have also begun to participate. Taking the new energy of Northern Automobile as an example, the reporter learned that since 2016 Battery Technology Co., Ltd.
is responsible for the use of related technological development and business model attempt. "Underground recycling" has a hidden business opportunity. Lead-acid battery recovered unique "black workshop" phenomenon, the power lithium-ion battery has not avoided.
The reporter found in the investigation that the power lithium-ion battery also exists "underground recovery". The reporter entered the keywords of "Dynamic Lithium Battery Recycling" in the search engine. The search results automatically pushed the five-flowers of the power lithium battery recycling advertisement.
Among them, many companies like "small workshops", hit a regular recovery qualification to do new energy power lithium battery recycling, dismantling business. Subsequently, the reporter made a call named Dongguan East Recovery Resources Recycling Co., Ltd.
, indicating that BYD Tang's scrap dynamic lithium battery. Company staff told reporters that Beijing has reclaimed outlets, can be recycled, 9,000 yuan / ton. The reporter pays attention to the recovery price of this company than the market 8,000 yuan / ton.
In the use of recycling, the above staff told reporters, "recycling, (company) to disassemble the refined metal (sales). "Is there a dismantling of new energy vehicle power lithium batteries? The above staff told reporters," We have qualifications, but no (in the official website). If a car is going to sell, we do not show qualifications.
We got the qualifications of the company last year, another company registration (get it). Other inconvenience revealed. "When the reporter said, the above staff said only," We can recycle the door.
". "And this, the reporter saw from the official website, this company is important to make 18650 batteries, mobile phone battery recycling, tablet battery and other battery recycling services. So do you have the ability and qualifications of dismantling new energy vehicle power lithium batteries? The reporter refers to the day-eyed investigation, the company's shareholding structure is simple, and there is no company in any company.
In addition, public information shows that there are 5 companies that meet the "New Energy Automobile Waste Battery Comprehensive Utilization Industry Specifications", Zhejiang Huizhou Huayou Cobalt New Material Co., Ltd., Jiangxi Yuxi Hao Peng Technology Co.
, Ltd., Hubei Jingmen Greenmei New Material Co., Ltd.
, Hunan Bangpu Circular Technology Co., Ltd., Guangdong Guanghua Technology Co.
, Ltd. A practitioner in the power lithium battery industry told reporters that "unprofessional, unregulated recycling, great dismantling is extremely harmful. Since there is no dismantling ability, some small workshops are disassembled in a very rude manner, just take the valuable part, the remaining part will not cost the cost, the environment is extremely harmful.
"In accordance with the" New Energy Automobile Power Battery Recycling Research Report "(hereinafter referred to as" Investigation Report "), there is two types of power lithium-ion battery pollution, one is heavy metal pollution. Battery positive electrode material containing heavy metals, cobalt, etc., without professional recovery treatment, heavy metal pollution.
Second, electrolyte pollution. Electrolyte solute LiPF6 is toxic substance and is extraction, which can cause fluorofluid, solvent can cause water pollution. At the same time, the practitioners in the above power lithium battery industry told reporters that there is an important mineral resources such as cobalt, nickel, lithium, manganese and rare earths in three-dimensional lithium-ion batteries.
If it is not effective to recover and utilize, it will cause non-renewable resources. Great waste. It is urgent to cut off "The workshop" Recycling "is to completely solve the risk of environmental pollution, and more importantly, the industry and the government must strengthen supervision and will implement the relevant management specifications and standard systems, and rectify the current unregistered small workshops.
Use the main situation. "Northern Automobile's new energy is said in an interview with reporters. "The country should strictly investigate and deal with national norms and environmental safety and not rejoin the standard company; eliminate some technical backward, high-energy, high-polluted waste battery recycling companies, strictly investigate second-hand recycling and personal acquisition of waste batteries, increase waste battery traceability system Management, prevent waste batteries from flowing into illegal traders.
"Tianneng battery inside people tell reporters. So who is more appropriate? According to the "Research Report", there are two models in the power storage battery recovery system constructed. One is to dominate the producer, and the automobile production company uses sales channels to build a retired battery recycling system, and the retired battery handover comprehensive utilization company handling or cooperation with its cooperation to use the residual value of the battery; the other is the third party as the main body, by Traders, regeneration and use of companies and automobiles, battery production companies, to build a shared recycling service outlet, centralized recycling of new energy vehicles for new energy vehicles.
The reporter pays attention to the regulation of the recycling of power lithium batteries. Under the support of the state, automobile production companies have built a recycling system in a variety of forms. At present, 45 companies such as Beiqi New Energy, Guangzhou Mitsubishi have set up 3204 recycling service outlets, and it is important to focus on the region of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, long triangle, Pearl River Delta and central energy vehicles.
However, there are also industry people say that power lithium battery recycles as a brand new problem, many car companies are still in the start-up phase, profitable is difficult. Beiqi new energy told reporters that the driving lithium battery recycling is a new business in the case of car enterprises. Now, it is now advancing this work in the mode of internal entrepreneurship.
Equipment, plant, talents, etc., these three years have not yet achieved profitable ". So, will this business will become the burden of car enterprises under the big background of the winter in the world? Northern Automobile new energy responded that "under the current big situation, it is indeed the power and courage to increase investment.
However, in the long run, this input will not be a burden, and it will be investment, which will bring a rich return to the company, and can also lay a solid foundation for the performance of environmental protection. ".
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