Power lithium battery recycling or a blue sea market

2022/04/08

  Author :Iflowpower – Portable Power Station Supplier

At present, there are two ways to recycle and utilize the dynamic lithium battery. One is to disassemble the battery refining metal and raw materials for regenerative utilization, such as cobalt and nickel is the more scarce resources in my country, which can be recycled; It is the second or even multiple times. As the world has successively introduced fuel trucks, electric vehicles are already a general trend.

However, if the electric car can really do "zero emissions, zero pollution, environmental protection cleaning"? Although the electric car is more environmentally friendly, it is more environmentally friendly, but when the electric car is scrapped, the subsequent treatment is Key, especially about the processing of the power lithium battery. Since the electric vehicle is driven by a power lithium battery, the processing of the power lithium battery will be a global problem with respect to electric vehicles. There are two current power lithium batteries, one is three yuan lithium electricity, the other is lithium iron phosphate.

They all contain cobalt, nickel, manganese and lithium. If these heavy metal is improperly treated, it will cause irreversible damage to the environment. At present, there are two ways to recycle and utilize the dynamic lithium battery.

One is to disassemble the battery refining metal and raw materials for regenerative utilization, such as cobalt and nickel is the more scarce resources in my country, which can be recycled; It is the second or even multiple times. If the Japanese Iozhong Commercial Conduct is a good example in transforming the lithium-ion battery to the battery is a good example. Place 16-20 scrap car batteries in a container, making large batteries.

The battery pack is more than 1000kW / h, which is equivalent to 100 household ordinary households. With the popularity of electric vehicles, the number of future waste dynamic lithium batteries will continue to increase, and the recovery of these power lithium batteries will definitely face greater challenges. Especially in my country, the current global pure electric car sales 5% in my country, while promoting the popularity of electric vehicles, it should also pay attention to the recycling of the power lithium battery.

Since 2009, since the 2009 promotion of new energy cars, the decommissioning time for the new energy car battery initially sold is nearly two years. According to the data of my country's Automotive Technology Research Center, in 2020, my country's domestic accumulated dynamic lithium batteries have exceeded 200,000 tons, and it is expected that approximately 60,000 tons of batteries should be scrapped. But before this, there is no comprehensive regulatory system for the recycling of the power lithium battery.

In order to prevent improper damage to these power lithium batteries, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology issued a "New Energy Automobile Waste Battery Comprehensive Utilization Industry Standard Condition (2019)" and "New Energy Automobile Waste Battle" Battery Integrated Utilization Industry Standard Notice Management Interim Measures (2-19 years) ". In the future, there will be more and more waste dynamic lithium batteries eliminated in my country. According to statistics from my country Automotive Industry Association, the capacity of second-hand car batteries in my country will be 12 times the estimated value of 2020, reaching 42 million kilowatts.

Its size can meet about 5 million families for 1 day electricity. There are also analyzes that by 2025, my country's eliminated second-hand car battery capacity will reach 7 times more Europe, 42 times in Japan. About 3% of the power lithium battery is made by my country's pure electric car company BYD.

Therefore, BYD is also actively laying out of the power lithium battery recycling market, using a comprehensive three-step battery dismantling recycling strategy, that is, take refined dismantling, material recovery, activation and regeneration. At present, BYD has established more than 40 power lithium battery recovery outlets nationwide. In addition, BYD also cooperated with the Japanese Itozhong mentioned in Japan to establish a joint venture company to jointly develop electric car battery recycling international market.

In addition, in 2020, BYD puts the energy storage business into the battery business group, hoping to have a stronger synergistic effect between these two sectors, and ride the recyclable bridge before the waste battery and the energy storage livestock battery. And another power lithium battery giant Ningde Times is also active in battery recycling market. In 2015, Ningde Times acquired a Bangpu cycle, and its important business was produced by recycling metal elements in waste batteries to produce ternary positive precursors.

At present, the total number of revolved insolubles in Bond Circulation has reached 20,000, and the electric vehicle power lithium battery recovery total design treatment has reached 10,000 tons / year. According to Marketsandmarkets data in the International Market Research Institute, it is expected that the size of the global dynamic lithium battery recovery industry will reach 12.2 billion US dollars by 2030, approximately RMB 126.

3 billion, of which my country will be the largest power lithium battery. One of the recycling markets. In the future, power lithium battery recycling is not only a topic of environmental protection, but it will also be a market that can create more profitable, will also be a necessary field of many companies.

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