Power lithium battery recycling market can still be broken

2022/04/08

  Author :Iflowpower – Portable Power Station Supplier

Since this year, with the continuous announcement of the third batch of catalogs, the situation of new energy vehicles production and sales have gradually recovered, but the problem of waste-driven lithium-ion battery recycling is not well solved. According to industry, it is not only necessary to study battery standardization and implement traceability system, increase recycling key technologies, promote the health and sustainable development of the dynamic lithium-ion battery recovery industry. According to foreign media reports, a document disclosed in SEC (US Securities Exchange Commission), the two executives of Tesla: Joint founder and CTOJBSTRAUBEL and company special project leader AndrewStevenson jointly created a name "RedwoodMaterials" new company, the recycling and reuse of the main industrial raw materials.

According to estimates, these "raw materials" refer to it is likely to be powered lithium-ion battery raw materials. As a "high-end player" of the new energy car, Teslab is clearly a market blue sea that has been recycled in the dynamic lithium-ion battery, which is decisively. So how is the new energy car's largest country, how is the scene in the recycling of power lithium-ion battery? The harm of waste dynamic lithium-ion batteries In the past two years, my country's new energy vehicle guarantee rises rapidly, and the ladder of the dynamic lithium-ion battery, and the recycling of recycling is also a problem that must face in an industry.

According to my country's automobile technology research center, by 2020, my country's pure electric (including plug-in) passenger car and hybrid passenger vehicle power lithium-ion battery accumulated scrap volume will reach 12-17 million tons. "1 20 grams of mobile phone battery can pollute the water of 3 standard swimming pools, if abandoned on the land, can make 1 square kilometers of land pollution for about 50 years. Imagine, if a few tons of electric vehicle power lithium-ion batteries are discarded in a natural environment, a large number of heavy metals and chemical substances enters nature, which will cause greater pollution to the environment.

"Wu Feng, a professor of Beijing Institute of Technology, publicly expressed. In fact, my country's vehicle power lithium-ion battery is mostly a lithium-ion battery, although there is no high metallic element such as mercury, cadmium, lead and other toxic elements, as Mrs. Wu Feng said that if the waste lithium ion battery is still correct Environment causes great pollution.

Waste dynamic lithium-ion battery seems to end, but by dismantling, purification, etc. The end of the old product life is also the beginning of the production of new products. Power Lithium Ion Battery Recycling Prospects Optical "Energy Saving and New Energy Automotive Industry Development Plan (2012-2020)" in July 2012 (2012-2020) "is clearly proposed, to formulate dynamic lithium-ion battery recycling management methods, establish steps and recycling management System, guide production company to strengthen the recycling and use of waste batteries, encourage battery recycling companies for development specialization.

According to my country's automobile technology research center, by 2020, my country's pure electric (including plug-in) passenger car and hybrid passenger vehicle power lithium-ion battery accumulated scrap volume will reach 12-17 million tons. New Energy Automobile Industry has been "defraud" wind wave last year, and the close-related power lithium-ion battery recycling the market will become a rise in emerging markets. At the beginning of this year, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Ministry of Commerce, and the Ministry of Science and Technology announced the "Guidance of Accelerating the Development of Recycling Resources", which emphasized "to" carry out new energy vehicle power lithium-ion battery recycling pilot, establish and improve waste dynamic lithium-ion battery resource utilization standard System, advancement of waste dynamic lithium-ion battery steps ".

In the industry, the dynamic lithium-ion battery recovery and ladder use the industry will become an industry new opportunity. According to the authoritative institution, the market will begin in 2018. This year, it reaches 5 billion yuan, and by 2020 and 2023, the market size further rose to 13.

6 billion yuan and 31.1 billion yuan. Market chaos shortboard still needs to break although the policy points to clearly, the company actively participates, but the system on the recycling of the dynamic lithium-ion battery is not well established.

The research data shows that the powerful lithium-ion batteries that actually enter the dismantling recovery in 2016 are less than 10,000 tons, more than 80% of the scrapped batteries are still stranded in the car companies. According to industry, this is due to the technical rules and corresponding economic problems of the dynamic lithium-ion battery and the corresponding economic problems have not been resolved. In addition, the recycling of the power lithium-ion battery also has a high technical threshold.

It is understood that the core technology of the power lithium-ion battery recovery industry is how to extract or extract the active ingredients or extract the appropriate chemical solvent, and recycled the battery raw materials. But these formulations are also a commercial confidentiality of the power lithium-ion battery company. It is difficult to master the battery recycling factory.

According to industry, there are currently the current dynamic lithium-ion batteries in my country's power lithium-ion battery recovery market flow into the lack of qualifications refurbished small workshops. These small workshop process equipment is behind, after recycling, only the waste-powered lithium-ion battery is simple and After re-encapsatting it back. In addition, since these small workshops do not have relevant qualifications, there is generally available security hazards and environmental issues.

How does the company choose the policy? Emerging markets on the rise of waste dynamic lithium-ion batteries, in terms of recycling, dismantling, ladder utilization, industry companies and new energy car companies, battery production companies are tightening layout. Zhang Tianshi, chairman of Tianneng Group, believes that in addition to increasing key technical research on disassembly, restructuring, testing, and life prediction of waste lithium ion batteries, it is necessary to establish a re-use of dynamic lithium-ion battery recycling and re-use incentive implementation rules. If you punish the company who fail to perform a responsibility obligation to recycle, the recycling and reuse company is subsidized or taxable in accordance with battery sets, capacity, etc.

, encourage business model innovation pilots and promotion applications, etc. In addition, the business model innovation pilot is also encouraged to copy the circular economy development model with promotion value, and implement the construction of the powerful lithium-ion battery recycling system, but to prevent some speculative companies from entering the industry in order to subsidize. .

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