Author ：Iflowpower – Portable Power Station Supplier
Recently, "The Decomposition Specification for Car Power Lithium Ion Battery Recycling" (hereinafter referred to as "Decomposition Specification") and "The Insurance Detection of Car Power Lithium Ion Battery Recycling" (hereinafter referred to as "Residual Test") National Standard Conference is officially held. With the advancement of the propagation, the problem of dynamic lithium-ion battery recovery is expected to be partially solved. After my country's 2013, new energy vehicles entered the rapid development period.
According to estimate, by 2020, the battery scrap will usher in peak. The accumulated scrap will reach 120,000 to 170,000 tons, but the current use of the dynamic lithium-ion battery recycling field, no matter Is the pattern, or the technical and regulations are extremely lacking. A sales personnel of a new energy vehicle 4S shop in Beijing said that the manufacturer did not have relevant policies for battery recovery, so the scrapped battery is generally processed by 4S shop.
Not only the problem of recycling channels, the power lithium-ion battery reuse technology is not mature, but the process is too complicated, the cost is too high, which also causes great resistance to the power lithium-ion battery recovery. One dynamic lithium-ion battery industry insiders said, if now does not offer related preparation, future power lithium-ion battery scrap peak is coming, will cause serious environmental issues. The subject of the recycling principal is clearly enforced according to the plan, and the "dismantling standard" will be officially implemented on December 1, this year, and "Yu Can Test" is also expected to officially announce the implementation next year, which will have a blank power of the current standard.
Ion battery recycling market has improved to a certain degree of improvement. "At present, battery recycling market is more chaotic. "Wang Xiaojian, the technical management department of SAIC Group, said to reporters that there is no compassion on the scrap dynamic lithium-ion battery, the country is currently not enjoys, the main plant, the battery factory, and the dismantling plant have not found the appropriate operation mode.
In the Ningde Times, insiders told reporters that the current life of the power lithium-ion battery is 7 ~ 8 years. The reporter visited Beijing's new energy 4S store. At present, the new energy car uses the dynamic lithium-ion battery warranty year.
The consumer needs to pay for the battery after 8 years. In fact, last year, the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, etc. And the rails use the battery production company, should bear the important responsibility of the driving battery recycling and utilization of their respective production, and the scrapped car recycling dismantling company should be responsible for recovering the power battery on the scrapped car.
According to this, theoretically, the main plant should undertake the responsibility of recycling the waste battery from the 4S shop, and the scrapped battery detached from the scrapped car shall be carried out by the battery factory and other companies, and finally the scrapped plant. However, the insiders in Ningde Times told reporters that this provision only clarified the responsible subject, and did not require enforcement, so, the power lithium-ion battery recovery did not excellent according to the above requirements. One of BYD also confirmed the statement to the reporter.
It said, because the current regulations have no mandatory requirements for the recycling of power lithium ion batteries, BYD, such as a vehicle enterprise involving battery services, and does not involve the new energy vehicle enterprise of the battery business, most of which have not been a clear requirement for recycling. Battery types of complicated and reused costs are not only recycling, but there are many problems in battery recovery. According to the planning, the ladder should be carried out after the recovery of the scrap battery dismantled from the car, but the internal person of the Ningde Times told reporters that the current battery dismantling is basically in a loss.
The research report of 100 electric vehicles in my country shows that a company with mechanical law and wet recovery of iron-free phosphate ion batteries, recycled 1 ton of waste phosphate dynamic lithium-ion battery cost is 8540 yuan, while regeneration materials Only 8110 yuan, loss of 430 yuan. Wang Xiajian told reporters that in addition to cost, process complexity is also another problem with the recycling of dynamic lithium-ion batteries. It is understood that, at present, the kind of power-based lithium-ion battery is complicated.
There are different manufacturing and design of different types of batteries. Different in the form of series, the service and use time is different, the application models and use conditions are different, and the battery variety The process of sexually reused reuse is extremely complex. Because there are many problems, my country's powered lithium-ion battery recycling is currently in the exploration stage, which also leads to partial powered lithium-ion batteries that have not been recycled but is discarded.
It is understood that although most of the power lithium-ion battery is a lithium-ion battery, if it is random discard, it will pollute the environment. Wang Xiaojian said that the organic matter in the dynamic lithium-ion battery belongs to toxic substances, with strong cancer, and will discard serious consequences. my country's new energy vehicles enter sales rapid rising period after 2013.
At present, most of the dynamic lithium-ion batteries on the market have not yet entered the scrap period, but it can be calculated that by 2020, the dynamic lithium-ion battery scrap will gradually appear. my country's electric car hundreds of people will show content show that before and after 2020, my country's powered lithium-ion battery will reach 120,000 to 170,000 tons. Therefore, before the peak of the scrap, the construction and development of regulations, technology, etc.
will be accelerated, and the healthy development of new energy vehicles in the future is significant.
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