Dynamic lithium-ion battery recycling is a new energy car next?

2022/04/08

  Author :Iflowpower – Portable Power Station Supplier

When the battery rebuked, the proposition of "new energy = true environmental protection" can be established. When the used battery has a value, the value of the electric vehicle may also rise, and there is a major concern for users to buy electric vehicles. If there is no high profit driving, where is the industry? Unfortunately, the battery recovery is still a half-public career.

It is not so easy. How many of us have passed the panic of "battery pollution". There is such a research data, saying that a general battery is discarded into nature, there is a possibility of pollution of 600,000 water, equivalent to a person's life.

Detact, it is difficult to take it. However, the waste battery will not be properly resolved, will pollute the environment, which is almost consensus. If the electric car wants to do "true environmental protection", from battery processing, service, retire to the reborn closed loop to open.

Whether it is a policy, or profit-driven. my country's new energy vehicle's starting phase can be traced back to 2009, and now, there have been more than 10 years of development. In the early stage, public transport or rental industry as a pilot, from 2015, new energy vehicles gradually be accepted by household users, stepped into size production.

Under normal circumstances, the life of the power lithium-ion battery is 5-8 years. Therefore, in 2020, the first wave of lithium-ion batteries will appear. Industry Forecast 2020 battery retirement is 25GWH, according to weight, Johimo is 200,000 tons.

Retired batteries are not equal to thorough scrap, scientific recycling is still considerable market value. According to industry decomposition, 2019-2025, the market value may exceed 60 billion yuan. How to recycle the power lithium ion battery? The time node of scale retirement is basically clear that the power lithium-ion battery recovery is not accelerated.

Simply discussed by recycling technology, after a power lithium-ion battery enters the recycling factory, it is generally carried out and regenerated. The first step in recycling, the factory must first test, classify, repair, or reorganize the retired battery. If the battery itself is relatively good, then the "ladder utilization" principle can be followed, or the factory, or "downgradde" to the communication base station, the energy storage base and other places continue to service, or return to the low-speed electric vehicle market until the performance is not Requirers.

Electricity system energy storage demand is a critical market for battery ladder. Some foreign car companies related to battery traders are exploring some applicable models. For example, Japan Mitsubishi will use the retired battery to power the building, Audi, Renault and other European car companies are also trying to retire the combination of battery and building power.

Insert a question: Although the Nanfu gathering is finally proved to be just a marketing set, but it is used in the "toy car" in its advertisement, it can be used in the remote control. "This is the basics. Ladder utilization case.

However, if there is no tradder utilization value, all the batteries will eventually come to the link of "regeneration use". After that, the retired battery will be dismantled, broken, smelted, thus extracting key materials such as cobalt, manganese, nickel, and then returning to battery processing, re-use, and the entire closed loop is turned on. The technical approach to regenerative utilization is three types: dry method, chemical method, biological law 1, dry method, simple understanding, is physically dismantling, resource classification.

The positive and negative material is separated in the room, which will be handed over to the smelting company, copper aluminum material to give metal recycling company, mixing the electrolyte of various chemical and heavy metal materials, isolated on the outdoor, and is further further use. These price materials are ultimately possible to return to the battery and process, or reuse in other industries, which is the potential value of battery recovery. 2, the chemical method, that is, the metal ion is transferred from the electrode material to the leaching medium, and the metal ions are produced in the form of salts, oxides by ion exchange, precipitation, adsorption, etc.

Extraction from the solution, it is necessary to include wet metallurgy, chemical extraction, and ion exchange. 3, biological method, tightly utilizing microbial leaching, converting the useful components in the system into a soluble compound and selectively dissolved, achieving the separation of the target component and impurity components, ultimately recovering lithium, cobalt, nickel, etc. At present, the key issues of biometric recovery technologies are not yet mature, and the key issues such as transaching and leaching conditions are still to be treated.

What is the pain point of the power lithium-ion battery recovery? In the "Power Supplies Road" documentary in the car, it is mentioned that the difficulty of recycling of dynamic lithium-ion battery is not in technology, more of the industry standard blur. In fact, in 2012, my country announced the "Energy Saving and New Energy Automobile Industry Development Plan", which has been deployed for the recycling of dynamic lithium-ion battery. In recent years, there have been multiple policies that have been implemented from commands.

For example, in 2018, the seven ministries jointly issued the "Interim Method for the Management of New Energy Automobile Power Battery Recycling and Utilization", starting on August 1st, emphasizing the "Dynamic Lithium-Ion Battery Recycling Executive Processor Responsibility Extension", requiring car companies Take on the subject responsibility of the battery recovery, and mentioned the first time to use the retired dynamic lithium-ion battery, then carry out resource recovery. On March 27, 2020, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology announced "2020 Industrial Energy Saving and Comprehensive Utilization Work". In 20 big items, there are 4 auto classes, including promoting new energy vehicle power storage battery recycling system construction.

Who is the responsibility of the battery recovery? Who stood out to take the initiative to drink, this is a problem that is not dealt. Car companies undertake the main responsibility of battery recovery, taking into account the processors as electric vehicles, can master more data on battery traceability, more advantages in achieving. The incentive policy is a big push, but at the same time, the economic account of the car company is also clear.

Consumers' concerns about electric vehicles are low in the value, the reason is the problem of battery decline, and the cost of replacing the new battery is high. If the battery is recycled "favorable map", is it also expected to reduce the cost of the electric vehicle to replace the new battery, and improve the value of electric vehicles? In recent years, in the electric motor industry, it began to popularize a "protection promotion" policy. Under the brief description, that is, the manufacturer is promised, when the new car uses a certain period of time, you can repurchase the old car according to a certain discount (more than two years, generally six% discount).

The meaning of repurchase policy is to cancel the user's concerns about electric vehicles, and there are manufacturers' credits to do your back book, pay more assured. Due to fewer sales, manufacturers have a certain budget, you can overlook this "repurchase expenditure". But if you want to continue, it still has a cost issue of the battery, and whether you can dig higher value on the retired battery.

In this way, "Recycling Relay Rod" is still returned to the battery recycling factory. If the recycling factory can continue to reduce the technical cost, Zhang Da reclaim the market value of the income, then it is possible to recover the retired battery with a higher price, and the value of electric vehicles will not be so low. However, the contradiction is just here, selling raw materials, and it is necessary to hope that the price is, the better, and the price is lower.

At present, there is no scientific pricing model between the car enterprise, the battery recovery plant and the battery manufacturer. Any party discovering that the sale does not make money, the formation of the closed loop in the industry will affect. Therefore, the cooperation mechanism must also grind, the relevant standards must also fill the blank.

But as long as the technology continues to advance, cooperation continues to advance, will be better tomorrow. Is the battery recovery are the underestimated blue sea market? Recycling for retired batteries, natural with a certain public welfare. After all, the starting point is still to protect the environment.

The three-dimensional lithium-ion battery contains nickel, cobalt and other scarce metals, and the regeneration is high, so the market value is also very large. When the scarce metal is increasingly "scarce", the cost of straight procurement will also be more and more high, and the metal resources that are regenerated may be more competitive. So, the potential of Blue Sea is still foreseen.

However, the current market is more than the medium and small company, it is difficult to form a scale effect, and the profitability is difficult. This market should be "big company" layout, to integrate scale, but because of a certain public welfare nature, it is required to move purely, you can't always think about "earning a vote", heavy asset investment, and long wait, Be a test. In April this year, the Changsha Metallurgical Institute of Wuyuan Group, led a domestic third-party dynamic lithium-ion battery recovery service platform, and promoting the driving force of the dynamic lithium-ion battery recovery.

In June this year, the BYD trail recycling center landed in Shandong. The main cart electrical separation mode of the car is also the top priority. Weima car has a layout for battery recycling business.

Blue sea is still in, difficulty is not small. I hope that one day, the wind blows up, the appearance of "unicorn" is not unexpected.

CONTACT US
Just tell us your requirements, we can do more than you can imagine.
Send your inquiry
Chat with Us

Send your inquiry

Choose a different language
English
العربية
Deutsch
Español
français
italiano
日本語
한국어
Português
русский
简体中文
繁體中文
Afrikaans
አማርኛ
Azərbaycan
Беларуская
български
বাংলা
Bosanski
Català
Sugbuanon
Corsu
čeština
Cymraeg
dansk
Ελληνικά
Esperanto
Eesti
Euskara
فارسی
Suomi
Frysk
Gaeilgenah
Gàidhlig
Galego
ગુજરાતી
Hausa
Ōlelo Hawaiʻi
हिन्दी
Hmong
Hrvatski
Kreyòl ayisyen
Magyar
հայերեն
bahasa Indonesia
Igbo
Íslenska
עִברִית
Basa Jawa
ქართველი
Қазақ Тілі
ខ្មែរ
ಕನ್ನಡ
Kurdî (Kurmancî)
Кыргызча
Latin
Lëtzebuergesch
ລາວ
lietuvių
latviešu valoda‎
Malagasy
Maori
Македонски
മലയാളം
Монгол
मराठी
Bahasa Melayu
Maltese
ဗမာ
नेपाली
Nederlands
norsk
Chicheŵa
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ
Polski
پښتو
Română
سنڌي
සිංහල
Slovenčina
Slovenščina
Faasamoa
Shona
Af Soomaali
Shqip
Српски
Sesotho
Sundanese
svenska
Kiswahili
தமிழ்
తెలుగు
Точики
ภาษาไทย
Pilipino
Türkçe
Українська
اردو
O'zbek
Tiếng Việt
Xhosa
יידיש
èdè Yorùbá
Zulu
Current language:English