Author ：Iflowpower – Portable Power Station Supplier
In 2018, the size of the dynamic lithium-ion battery recovery market was 432 million yuan. With the continuous expansion of the new energy automotive industry, the dynamic lithium-ion battery recycling market space is huge. According to estimates, if the 2020 retired dynamic lithium-ion battery is fully utilized, the recycling market will reach 8 billion to 10 billion yuan income.
It is estimated that by 2025, the size of the power lithium-ion battery will reach 20.371 billion yuan. Among them, the value of lithium iron phosphate will reach 2.
575 billion yuan, and the value of three yuan lithium-ion battery will reach 17.796 billion yuan. The ladder uses the future will be based on the base station communication and the energy storage application.
From the properties of lithium iron phosphate and the ternary battery, lithium iron phosphate is more suitable for the ladder. Assuming that the ladder uses the market to use the phosphate scrap battery, according to 70% of the retired capacity and 60% of the ladder utilization of the set rate, 2019 ~ 2025 is expected to use the total can be used in the calcium iron phosphate lithium ladder battery capacity 58GW ¡¤ h. The ladder uses the battery repurchase price about 30% of the new battery.
In 2018, the price of lithium iron ion battery pack is 1.1 ~ 1.2 yuan / (w ¡¤ h), calculating the ladder utilization battery repurchase price at 0.
33 ~ 0.36 yuan / (w ¡¤ H), considering the production of the vehicle enterprises and the production of the battery industry, the power lithium-ion battery has a price reduction trend, and the ladder is also expected to decline accordingly. Suppose the repurchase price fell by 5% per year, and the ladder of 2019-2020 has a total of 4.
7 billion yuan in the market space. By 2025, the cumulative market space will reach 17.1 billion yuan.
The ternary battery is recycled, the metal is important for nickel, cobalt, manganese, lithium, etc., the mass ratio is 12%, 5%, 7%, 1.2%, respectively.
According to the "New Energy Automobile Waste Battery Comprehensive Utilization Industry Standardization Condition", under Wet Smelting Conditions, Nickel, Cobalt, Manganese should not be less than 98%; under fire macr, nickel, rare earth comprehensive recovery rate No less than 97%. Under the recovery of wet method, it is assumed that the metal price is unchanged, 2019 ~ 2025, nickel, cobalt, manganese, and lithium, etc., about 43.
6 billion yuan. With the rise in materials such as cobalt, nickel, manganese and lithium in recent years, in the future battery monomer cost, the proportion of the three-yuan material battery positive material will present sharply, and the waste-powered lithium-ion battery contains a lot of valuables. Metal, if a valuable metal is extracted from the battery and then manufactured, a larger income will be obtained.
This chapter is important to analyze the market space of physical recovery process, wet recovery process and fire recovery process. . Artificial cost, etc.
, Table 9-9 is a cost of recovery of waste batteries per ton. Among them, the average recovery fee of 8900 yuan / t is 8900 yuan / t, and the average recovery of ionic battery after the ladder is used and the quality of the lithium iron phosphate ion battery is 4000 yuan / t. As can be seen from the research data, the average cost of recycling and dismantling the three-dollar cell per ton is 13264 yuan, the average cost of recovery and dismantling the lithium-phosphate ion battery is 8364 yuan, and the power lithium ion battery is rich in large amounts.
The price metal is the important source of income of the battery. In particular, the rise in metal materials such as nickel, cobalt, manganese and lithium in recent years has played a huge promotion of the dynamic lithium ion battery dismantling recovery. Table 9-10 is a three-dimensional material battery dismantling recovery efficiency and income.
The average income of the material and materials is recovered after the ton of three-yuan material batteries is 16728 yuan. In addition, after investigation, the dismantling of lithium iron phosphate ion battery is also analyzed, and the recovery efficiency and income of lithium iron phosphate ion battery is shown in Table 9-11. Discliminating a lithium iron phosphate ion battery recovery of price-valent metal and material is about 7703 yuan.
As can be seen from the previous analysis, the use of physical methods recovered that the dismantling cost of the three-membered material of the three-dimensional material is 13264 yuan, and the obtained earnings obtained by the valuable material obtained after the sale of dismantles are 16728 yuan, and therefore, the disassembly recovery of each ton. The ternary battery can be profitable 3464 yuan; the disassembly cost per ton of lithium iron phosphate ion battery is 8364 yuan, the income is 7703 yuan, so the dismantling recovery of lithium iron phosphate ion battery will lose 661 yuan. 2.
The cost of wet recovery process wet recovery process is from the aspects of raw material recovery costs, wastewater waste treatment, and Table 9-12 Table 9-12 Treatment costs per ton waste battery wet recovery process. The average cost of the wet recovery process is 14815 yuan, and the average cost of one tons of lithium iron phosphate ion batteries is 9915 yuan. In addition, the use of wet recovery processes to recover the battery value of the battery is high, so the income situation is more obvious.
Table 9-13 and Table 9-14 is the recovery efficiency and benefit of material battery and lithium iron phosphate ion battery wet recovery process. Through the above data, the average income of the three-yuan battery using wet recovery process is 18073 yuan, and the average income of the lithium iron phosphate ion battery is 8220 yuan. Therefore, each recovery process will be profit of 3258 yuan per reclamation process, each reclaiming one ton of lithium iron phosphate ion battery will lose 1695 yuan.
3. The fire method recovery process fire method recycling process should be treated with the electrode material after the pre-treatment in the electric arc furnace, and a large amount of exhaust gas and waste residue during the processing, so the cost of the fire method recovery process is from the recycling of raw materials. , Fuel power and exhaust gas waste treatment, etc.
, Table 9-15 is a cost-handling process for recovery process per ton of waste battery. As can be seen from the research data, the average cost of the fire method of the three-dollar battery is 14390 yuan, and the average cost of 1 ton of lithium iron phosphate ion battery is 9490 yuan. In addition, the recovery efficiency and income of the three-way material batteries and lithium iron phosphate and ion battery and the income are shown in Table 9-16 and Table 9-17.
From the above data, it is possible to know that the average revenue of the three-way battery using the fire method recovery process is 17,405 yuan, and the average income of the lithium iron phosphate ion battery is recovered is 7994 yuan. Therefore, each recovery of a ton of three batteries will be profit of 3015 yuan per reclamation process, and each time a ton of lithium iron phosphate ion battery will lose 1496 yuan. From the recovery efficiency of battery material, the chemical recovery process has high recovery efficiency, wherein the recovery efficiency of wet recovery process is higher than the other two recovery processes.
In addition, the current battery positive material is present, especially the cobalt metal in the three-dimensional material battery, because my country's output is small, mostly dependent, so the power lithium-ion battery has increased the demand for such materials. It is bound to cause a large increase in battery material. At this time, the power lithium-ion battery recovery will have more profitable space, while the wet recovery process has high recovery efficiency, which will have stronger competitiveness, showing a broad profit prospect.
Through analysis, improve the power lithium-ion battery dismantling recovery profit can be obtained by increasing the efficiency of recovering battery materials. In addition, the method of automatic production line is used to reduce workers' labor, or reduce cost expenditure of dismantling the battery. The battery recovery point is reasonably arranged, and the waste battery is concentrated to the dismantage, which can greatly reduce the transportation cost, thereby increasing the profitability of the power lithium-ion battery recovery.
This article is extracted from the "Lithium Ion Battery Recycling and Resource Technology", published by Science Press, is currently the first domestic detailed explanation of lithium-ion battery recycling, regeneration and reuse. The important author of this book is: Li Li, Professor Li, Beijing Institute of Technology, Ph.D.
, Teacher Li, is a leading expert in this field, often seeing her speech at many forums and meetings in the industry; Yao Ying , Ph.D., University of Florida, Vice President, Beijing Institute of Materials School, Ph.
D. Graduate Tutor; Yu Yajua.
Copyright © 2022 iFlowpower Technology Company Limited - All Rights Reserved.