Dynamic Lithium Battery Recycling Guide Consultation Category Operational Feasibility Computer Argument Focus

2022/04/08

  Author :Iflowpower – Portable Power Station Supplier

With the continuous rise in new energy vehicles, the recycling of waste dynamic lithium-ion battery is increasingly concerned and attaches importance. However, power lithium-ion battery recovery is different from ordinary materials recovery, because of their problems such as necessarily, and improper operations will bring contamination, and more stringent standards to ensure the healthy development of the industry. Recently, the industry discussed many "New Energy Automobile Power Battery Recycling Service Network Construction and Operation Guide" (hereinafter referred to as "Guide") began to ask for views.

This is another important policy after the introduction of "Interim Measures for the Administration of New Energy Automobile Power Battery Recycling" (hereinafter referred to as "Interim Measures"). After the "Guide" announced, the "my country Automobile News" reporter interviewed the company's related people, but heard two different voices. One party believes that the "guide" requires strict, and the operation is difficult; the other party believes that strict requirements are conducive to the development of the industry, the difficulty is not big, the key is how the vehicle factory and recycling company How to divide the company.

■ Standard timely introduction to guide the healthy development of the industry. At present, my country's new energy vehicle has more than 2.1 million, which has become the world's largest new energy vehicle power lithium-ion battery production and consumption.

As of the end last year, my country's powered lithium-ion battery installed More than 150GWH. So far, new energy car demonstration promotion has been more than 10 years, gradually ushered in the peak period of power lithium-ion battery recovery. Organity predicts that from 2018, my country's powered lithium-ion battery newspapers will rendeze the rising.

However, the recovery of the waste dynamic lithium-ion battery is not an easy thing. In the process of developing the development of the automobile industry, the painful lessons of lead-acid batteries have emerged. According to data, my country's annual scrapped 3.

3 million tons of waste lead acid batteries, the proportion of regular recovery is less than 30%, and a large number of waste lead-acid batteries have entered the "black city". An important reason for this phenomenon is that the power storage battery recovery management system is not perfect. In order to reverse the unfavorable situation, prevent the old road to retire the lead-acid battery scrap recovery, last year, my country has introduced the "Interim Measures" of the Qi Li Ion Battery Recycling.

According to the requirements of the Interim Measures, the list of the first batch of "New Energy Automobile Waste Battery Battery Comprehensive Utilization Industry" is the list, 5 companies are Zhangzhou Huayou, Hao Peng Technology, Greenmei, Bangu Circulation and Guanghua Technology. Bao Wei, general manager of Zhejiang Huayou Circular Technology Co., Ltd.

, said in an interview with "my country Automobile News" report: "Some companies and investment agencies mistakenly thought that the dynamic lithium-ion battery recovery is a blue sea, rushing into the dynamic lithium-ion battery recycling field. At the same time, the policy of the power lithium-ion battery recovery is not clear, the standard is not standardized, causing a certain market chaos. "Bao Wei said:" From public data, my country has a large number of waste dynamic lithium-ion batteries to be recycled, but from the actual situation, the number of regular companies is not much recycled.

This is to explore the reason, is the original estimated data? Is most influential channels? "In the face of the industry chaos, in order to further introduce the" Guide "," Guidan ", the" Guide "of the high standards and strict requirements, has brought a positive impact on the healthy development of the industry. First, in the network layout, "Guide" requires that new energy automobile production companies should establish collection recycling service outlets in the company's new energy vehicle sales administrative region (at least prefecture), and reach 8000 in the company's new energy car ownership The capacity of the storage, security guarantee such as or collecting recycling service outlets cannot meet the administrative region (at least preferential) of the waste power storage battery recovery requirements. Secondly, in terms of outlets, the "Guide" requires that the storage site area of ​​the collection-type recovery service outlet should not be less than 15 square meters, and the storage capacity of the waste power storage battery should not exceed 5 tons; the storage area of ​​the concentrated storage recovery service outlet should Not less than 100 square meters, waste power storage battery should not exceed 40 tons.

Third, in terms of day-to-day operation, "Guide" requires that companies such as new energy automobile production and ladder should rely on recycling service outlets and strengthen tracking of waste power storage batteries in the region. The recycling service outlet is responsible for collecting, categorizing, storeing and packaging waste battery, and does not unauthorized dismantling treatment. Waste power storage batteries should standardize the transfer to comprehensive utilization companies for ladder use or regeneration.

Fourth, in the security of the "Guide" requirements higher. "Guide" pointed out that the waste power battery should be stored independently, and must not mix, mix, not allowed to be placed, and can not be stacked directly. Class A Waste Dynamic Battery should be cleaned, Class B and Class C waste power storage should perform special treatment such as insulation, leak-proof, flame retardant, heat insulation.

After the treatment, the waste power battery should be placed on the shelf, and the battery is reserved. Zhao Yongfeng, general manager of SFDC Co., Ltd.

, told reporters: "High standards, strict requirements" guide "brings positive and positive impact on the development of the industry. "■ One side point of view: Most of the terms of operation need to be modified," Guide "will play a positive guidance for the development of the industry, but about the specific implementation, the company has shown different attitudes. Some companies are reflected, not all terms are practical, and the difficulty is relatively large.

First, the power lithium-ion battery and lead acid batteries are not suitable. It is generally believed that the environmental pollution caused by lead-acid batteries has important heavy metal pollution and electrolyte pollution. In these two aspects, all of my country has had a tragic lesson, so there is also strict requirements for the scrap recovery of lead-acid batteries.

Chengdu New Energy Automobile Extension Industry Application Promotion Association's Secretary-General, Vice President, Chengdu Yajun New Energy Automobile Technology Co., Ltd., Vice-President Fan Yongjun, told reporters that "Guide" proposed the power battery and the same strict requirements of lead-acid batteries, but He believes that this provision does not meet the actual, and it is too strict.

Fan Yongjun pointed out: "In the new energy vehicle power lithium-ion battery, the pollution of nickel-cadmium batteries is relatively large, but the nickel-cadmium battery has been basically banned. At present, the mainstream lithium battery and nickel-hydrogen batteries are more environmentally friendly green batteries. Even if the electrolyte is leaked, it will not cause pollution to the environment.

"Second, the recycling company has no classification processing power. In recent years, from time to time, the news of powerful lithium-ion batteries from time to time, even if the dismantled power lithium-ion battery is placed, it may also be spontaneously. Obviously, fire spontaneously has become the largest safety hazard of the current dynamic lithium-ion battery.

In order to prevent such safety accidents, "Guide" proposes a classification process for power lithium-ion battery recovery. However, Fan Yongjun believes that the dynamic lithium-ion battery logo traceability is important for the ladder use, and the "Guide" is related to the Treatment requirements of Class A, Class C, Class C, and the recycling network if there is no corresponding testing device. It is difficult to determine which kind of battery belonging to.

In addition, judging which type of battery is relatively high, the technical requirements of recycling outlets are relatively high, and the recycling outlet staff generally does not have this ability, and the company has to invest a large number of equipment, high cost. "This classification should be completed by integrated processing institutions. Fan Yongjun said.

In the specific terms, Fan Yongjun also proposed amendments. "Since the recycling service outlets cannot engage in dismantling work except security inspections, there is no need to specify the waste collection processing operation. "He said.

■ One side point of view: It is a true caucasi to understand that the "Guide" is a long-term discussion in the industry, and most of the content is fully communicated. Therefore, the "Guide" publishing has strong guidance, such as many quantized numbers, clear operational requirements. Specific provisions on the Guide, different from Fan Yongjun's view, Bao Wei believes that the classification and difficulty of dynamic lithium-ion batteries is not large.

Bowei told the "my country Automobile News" reporter, all the historical data of all power lithium-ion batteries are in the vehicle factory, and the high data analysis with historical data can determine the case of these batteries. For example, whether it is leakage, and the insulation situation is compliant. Waterproof requirements, whether to burn the electrolyte.

"Overall, these testing operations are not difficult. "He said. In Bao Wei, the biggest difficulty in the detection of waste dynamic lithium-ion battery tests is that some batteries can't see problems from the surface, but in fact, there is a safety hazard.

But he also emphasized that even if there is no problem with problems, the vehicle factory can also detect. "The whole vehicle has a complete battery data and communication protocol, and the difficulty of classification test is not large. "Bao Wei believes.

According to the requirements of the Guide, the waste-driven ion battery is divided into three categories of A, B, and C, and the recycling company can compare the recycling battery. "This requires the recycling test of the front end to be in place. "Bao Wei pointed out," "The front end must have a good relationship, can not expect the rear end classification.

The reality is that the communication agreement only has the whole vehicle factory. The recycling company does not have the communication agreement. It is impossible to classify the waste battery.

Therefore, the front-end vehicle factory has a good classification work, otherwise the rear-end recycling company cannot classify, will New recovery process difficulty. "Bao Wei told reporters," Guide "high standards, strict requirements to bring to the recycling company in the cost of the cost, how to control the cost into the company must consider. However, the "Guide" is only a consecutive stage, and there will be amendments before it is officially announced.

Bowei told reporters: "Must be modified to some specific data, but no matter how modified, the modified direction will always surround security. "However, Bao Wei also pointed out the lack of" guidelines ". He said, "Guide" does not have forced binding, because no rewards and punishment measures.

"Guide" can not only ask for only request, no rewards, this will result in increasing the cost of compliance companies, and irregularly drilled the air. Bao Wei said. .

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