Author ：Iflowpower – Portable Power Station Supplier
my country's new energy automotive industry has developed rapidly, and the dynamic lithium-ion battery market will usher in a huge increase. At the same time, the problem of power lithium-ion battery recovery will become more and more prominent, and a large amount of abandoned batteries has caused resource energy waste and Environmental pollution, therefore, my country urgently needs to establish a dynamic lithium-ion battery step recycling industry chain to support the rapid and sustainable development of new energy automotive industries. In recent years, under the strong support of the country, my country's new energy automotive industry has developed rapidly, especially since 2014, the market is explosive.
According to statistics from my country Automotive Industry Association, in 2016, my country's new energy vehicle sales reached 507,000, and the market has reached 1 million. The new energy vehicle is a national "13th Five-Year" emerging strategic industry, which is expected to be further developed. ▲ The battery problem of the battery problem is usually 5-8 years, which means that from 2018, my country's first new energy car power lithium-ion battery will face the problem of scrap recycling.
According to forecasting, by 2020, my country's car power lithium-ion battery accumulated credit will expect to reach 200,000 tons, and with the development and time of development and time of new energy vehicles, the pressure of the dynamic lithium-ion battery will be more The bigger, how to recycle the scrap dynamic lithium-ion battery will be the key to affecting the development of new energy vehicles. According to the statistics, the annual report of waste power, lithium-ion battery is 20,000 to 40,000 tons. The corresponding battery recovery is only 2%, with the current recovery yield, which is expected to be due to the expected 120,000 to 170,000 tons of scrap batteries in 2020.
Therefore, there are many problems in the recycling management system construction, advanced technological innovation, pattern exploration, standard system construction, etc. ▲ Abandoning the battery's harmful battery has caused resource waste and environmental pollution. The chemical substances in waste batteries on the environment and human health hazards are shown in the figure above.
Wu Feng, a professor of Beijing Institute of Technology, publicly said: "1 20 grams of mobile phone battery can pollute the water of 3 standard swimming pool, if it is discarded on the land, can make 1 square kilometers of land pollution for about 50 years. Imagine, if a few tons of electric vehicle power lithium-ion batteries are discarded in a natural environment, a large number of heavy metals and chemical substances enters nature, which will cause greater pollution to the environment. "In fact, my country's vehicle power lithium-ion battery is mostly lithium-ion batteries, although there is no major metallic element such as mercury, cadmium, lead, etc.
, as Wu Feng's professor said that if the waste lithium ion battery is still handled properly Extreme pollution to the environment. ▲ The dilemma of battery recovery This year, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Ministry of Commerce, and the Ministry of Science and Technology announced the "Guidance of Accelerating the Development of Recycling Resources", which emphasized "to carry out new energy vehicle power lithium-ion battery recycling pilot, establish and improve the use of waste power lithium ions Battery resource utilization standard system, promote waste dynamic lithium-ion battery steps ". However, the current dynamic lithium-ion battery recovery is more complicated than the production, due to the low degree of automation, high labor costs make the cost of disassembly of waste batteries more than new battery costs.
Moreover, the recovered power lithium-ion battery has no reasonable application direction. The only use is a switching power station and a voltage divider, but the amount of use is not very useful, and it is difficult for economic benefits. The recycling cost is high, and the economic poor economics has restricted the enthusiasm of the battery recovery company.
According to the former deputy dean of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, the leader of the expert group of the National Manufacturing Innovation Center said that the lithium-powered lithium-ion battery factories of 1 million kilowatts of production power in China are around 10, and the company under this production power can reach At least 4, 5 hundred. The lithium-ion battery materials and formulations of different manufacturers are different, and it is not easy to complete the recovery. ▲ Summarize a wide variety of domestic power storage batteries, the battery is complex and there is no fixed standard, resulting in complex recycling process, high recovery cost, the company lacks recycling enthusiasm, is difficult to form industrial management, and the restructuring technical means, plus the government lack of supervision and encouragement Policy, power battery recycling is extremely difficult.
At present, the operational model of domestic automobile power lithium-ion battery recovery industry is still in the exploration stage. Now it is urgent to intervene in government intervention. In the development of policies and establishment of standard systems, lead the company to gradually go to the health development path.
It is also necessary to industrially set up a industrial league, establish a healthy industrial chain, find a feasible profit point to support the rapid and sustainable development of my country's new energy automotive industry. Source: Waste Network.
Copyright © 2022 iFlowpower Technology Company Limited - All Rights Reserved.