Author ：Iflowpower – Portable Power Station Supplier
my country is the world's largest battery processing country and exporting country, but the waste battery recycling system is extremely uncomfortable. Recently, "Economic Report" reporter learned from the Environmental Protection Department Environment and Economic Policy Research Center and the International Environmental Organization Natural Resources Protection Association, my country's waste battery recovery management status and countermeasures seminar, my country's total number of waste batteries in China exceeds 2.6 million Ton, but the regular recovery ratio is less than 30%.
The waste battery recovery industry is inadvertent state, nearly 80% of the waste battery still flows into illegal recycling and solving by individual commercial trafficking, a large number of waste batteries are randomly dismantled, and the environmental problems that are born are increasingly serious. The formal recovery rate of waste storage has been in the past 10 years. my country's battery industry has rising high-speed rise.
It is the world's largest battery processing country and exporting country. The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology shows that the battery production is 174863,000 kVah in 2012, which rose in 2011. 27%.
The Study of "my country's Recycling Management Current Situation and Countermeasures" of Environmental and Economic Policy Research Center and Natural Resources Protection Association has been shown that my country is also a large country of battery consumption, and the battery is widely used in transportation, communication, electricity, railway and other industries. Among them, there is an automobile start battery, electric bicycle power lithium battery, and the three types of reserve power supplies account for 90% of the total consumption. The number of waste batteries is also very amazing, and the number of waste batteries per year exceeds 2.
6 million tons. The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology issued in 2010 (Draft) "showing that the recovery of the waste battery in developed countries such as Europe, the United States, Japan, and there are more than 90% of the tissue, and our organization's recycling Less rate of less than 30%. At present, there is no national and regional recycling network built by battery processing merchants or regenerated lead plus manufacturers.
Cao Guoqing, deputy secretary general of my country's Battery Industry Association, said that the recovery of waste lead-acid batteries and individual channels accounted for 50% -60%, and the waste battery flows to irregular regenerative lead companies is one of the roots of lead pollution. Recycling links have severe batteries, some regenerated lead companies do not contain sour waste storage batteries, waste acid flow, lead pollution and acid pollution risk. At present, the sales volume of automobile batteries is calculated according to 50 million kVah, of which 30 million kVah is rich, about 150,000 tons of lead dilute sulfuric acid, about 42,000 tons of sulfuric acid; in recent years, lead waste acid pouring is rising, 2008 The total amount of the acid was 99,500 tons, reached 2.
614 million tons in 2012. It is understood that on the one hand, my country's waste battery recovery industry is generally inadvertently, and the waste battery flows to irregular regenerative lead companies. On the other hand, it has a formal recovery company to eat unsatisfactory.
Referring to the relevant experience of relevant information and professionals, the annual birth rate of Beijing waste batteries is about 12 to 150,000 tons / year, and the conservative estimate is not less than 100,000 tons. However, the only company in Beijing has a total of 7,000 tons of waste batteries last year. There is less than 10% of the tissue recovery rate.
Shanxi Yang Coal Group Shanxi Ji Jiji Technology Co., Ltd. built a 100,000-ton domestic first battery cleaning processing closed circulation industry chain, but only 15,000 tons.
Shanghai currently accumulates 8.5-95 million tons per year, and only 0.7 million tons of dangerous and variable transfer through regular channels each year.
Waste Battery Recycling Management In the face of four challenges, although the waste battery is one of the 49 hazardous waste in the National Hazardous Waste Directory, it has strict regulations on its recycling, storage and disposal, but in practice, due to lack of lack Phenomenon of related supporting policies, measures, and regulatory, existing business and disorderly competition. Yang Xiaoming, senior engineer, environmental and economic policy research center, environmental protection department, said. Yang Xiaoming and other experts believe that overall look at the four major challenges in domestic battery recovery management.
First, a large number of illegal subjects are present in the market, and the qualification recovery subject lacks price competitive advantages. According to the data, in 2009, the regeneration lead production was about 1.23 million tons, 200-300 regenerated lead companies, the company's uniform scale is only 0.
67-045 million tons / year. Due to the lack of competitiveness due to the recovery price of qualification recovery companies, the amount of waste battery recovered by the company and battery consumers is insufficient, and the cost of the current model cost is difficult to decrease.
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