Can the energy density of the power lithium-ion battery really determine the quality of electric cars?

2022/04/08

  Author :Iflowpower – Portable Power Station Supplier

A friend considers buying an electric car (no way, persuading it is not listening), in the process of accompanying the car, the author found that the salesperson began to use the energy density of the battery as an advocacy. "This car energy density is as high as XXX", "battery brand is XXX" speech, usually speak from the sales consultant of the electric car. When I asked, when I was energy density, the sales consultant did a few seconds, and said: "Simply, the energy density is higher, the better the car, the country has more subsidies!" It is very clear, energy Density this, even some car sales consultants are not too clear.

In fact, some new products and new technologies are promoted, and there is almost in all industries. But what these new stations use to do? How much value is there? After the consumers are wrapped around the cloud, it seems that it is not very concerned about these problems. I only feel that this thing is really a cow.

Today we talk about the energy density of the battery, how much impact on the quality of pure electric vehicles. Is the energy density? First of all, we simply understand the battery energy density is something. The energy density is divided into two, weight energy density and volume energy density.

The current reference is the weight energy density, which calculates the formula: weight energy density = battery capacity ¡Á discharge platform / weight, unit is WH / kg (Watt / Kik); and the volume of energy density calculation is required to change the "weight" of the above formula to "volume", the unit is WH / L (watt / liter). In simple, energy density is the evaluation of battery power storage capacity. And such evaluation, it was not to determine the standard of good or bad electric vehicles, but the policy requirements for the company's power lithium-ion battery power storage capacity.

According to the requirements, the company needs more than 300 watts / kg in the 2020 lithium-ion battery monomer, and the system is more than 260 watts / kg. From the perspective of marketing, since this is the standard of policy development, it is certainly attractive to consumers, so it has become a plummer in the sales process of pure electric vehicles. The evaluation of energy density is not fully mature, and the evaluation of energy density is not absolute fair, because this and car companies are straight.

We have said before, and the policy will require energy density, and energy is one of the reference standards in terms of new energy support. The higher the energy density, the more new energy subsidies. This has led to a "arms race" in the power lithium-ion battery, and there are still many cats.

To understand how the car enterprise improves energy density, it has to say from the formula just now: weight energy density = battery capacity ¡Á discharge platform / weight. To increase this formula, the final value is two, one is to increase the battery capacity, and the other is to reduce the weight of the battery. How to increase battery capacity is a conscience practice.

There are many kinds of large-scale capacity, and the most is from the battery material. At present, the three-dimensional lithium-ion battery is the highest power lithium-ion battery type in China, while the phosphate iron battery is very fast. However, the practice of conscience does not have a good thing in the hands of the unhealthy person, in order to increase the battery capacity, some manufacturers have lowered the requirements of battery stability, and the safety hazards have increased.

Therefore, there is an industry insiders, and in the battery capacity is very good, we will affect the safety of electric vehicles. Another way is to mitigate the overall weight of the entire dynamic lithium-ion battery, which is actually not cured. Some high-quality power lithium-ion batteries have a separate cell in each battery pack to fail to fail to affect the entire battery pack.

To reduce the weight of the dynamic lithium-ion battery, it is the first to rush to these cells. Either develop a new material allows it to reduce weight without affecting the protection of the battery, or a material that is straight down on the material or lighter but poor intensity. Therefore, there are many ways to add energy density.

Relevant car companies, cutting materials is a "win-win" approach, and security issues are of course 60 tons. In the case where there is no uniform requirement for the structure and material of the battery, the safety and quality of high energy density is in qualifying, good or excellent level, and consumers are unparalleled. Write in the last actual, the simplest and rude approach, or the total capacity of the battery.

If you want to consider the factors of battery safety, the quality of the vehicle, the electric car is still a penny, which is still a penny. Speaking straight, in general, or the price of the car decides good. If the relevant part can improve the fairness of the electric vehicle assessment standards, it is very positive for the progress of stimulating technology and the protection of consumer right.

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