Dhibaatooyinkee ayaa ragaadiyay horumarinta warshadaha dib u warshadaynta?

2022/04/08

Qore:Iflowpower -Iibiyaha Saldhigga Korontada ee la qaadan karo

Dhibaatooyinkee ayaa ragaadiyay horumarinta warshadaha ee dib u warshadaynta baytariyada lithium-ion? Waddada awoodda baytariyada lithium-ion "Road block iyo dheer", habka horumarinta warshadaha, had iyo jeer la kulmi doona plasmines kala duwan iyo caqabadaha, sida xisaabinta, ilaa 2020 Sannadka, baahida loo qabo baytariyada lithium-ion firfircoon Dalkaygu wuxuu gaari doonaa 125GWH, qashinka wuxuu gaarayaa 32.2GWh, qiyaastii 500,000 oo tan. Waa maxay dhibaatadu in horumarinta warshadaha ee firfircoonida baytari lithium-ion dib u warshadaynta si fiican loo yaqaan in dib-u-warshadaynta ee baytariyada lithium ion qashinka waa isku xirka in warshadaha baabuurta tamarta cusub waa in la xaliyo.

Sannadka 2020, baytariga awoodda lithium-ion ee ku qalabaysan gaadhiga tamarta cusub ee dalkaygu waxa uu marka hore keeni doonaa mowjado hawlgab ah. Waqtigan xaadirka ah, warshadaynta dib-u-warshadaynta baytariyada lithium-ion ee dalkaygu waxay ku socotaa waddadii horumar waara, walina waxaa jira dhibaatooyinka soo socda: Marka hore, moodooyinka baytariyadu way ku dhibban yihiin baytariyada lithium-ion ee dalkayga, iyo qeexida baytariyada ay soo saareen mid kasta oo soo saaraha batari lithium-ion kala duwan, model batari waa adag yahay, kala duwan, dib u warshadaynta ee batari hal model waa adag tahay in la sameeyo miisaan, kharashka dib u warshadaynta, carqaladayn jaangooyo, Automation, iyo habka garaadka inta lagu jiro soo kabashada ee baytari lithium awood. Dhammaan habka dib-u-warshadaynta iyo maaraynta qashinka firfircoon ee batteriga lithium-ion waxay ku lug leedahay tillaabooyin badan, oo ku lug leh anshax-marin-albaabyo badan sida fiisigiska, kimisteriga, agabka, injineernimada, iyo tignoolajiyada dheer.

Dariiqyada farsamada iyo hababka saarista ee ay doorteen shirkad kasta way kala duwan yihiin, taasoo horseedaysa wareegga farsamada ee warshadaha, kharashyada farsamada sare. Marka labaad, baytariyada birta fosfateed ee lithium birta ayaa soo kabsaday faa'iido la'aan Sida laga soo xigtay tirakoobka, ee dalkayga batari lithium awoodda hawlgabka ah, lithium birta fosfat batari ion batari inta badan, lithium birta fosfate baytariyada ion ee soo kabashada annivier, sababtoo ah qiimihiisu hooseeyo, faa'iido yar margin, shirkadda dib u warshadaynta baytariyada lithium-ka ayaa dib u warshadaynteeda ku socota. Seddexaad, qiimaha dib u warshadaynta ayaa ku badan batariyada lithium-ion ee dalkayga ee xidhiidhka soo kabashada, iyo kharashka dib u warshadaynta ayaa ka sarreeya.

Waxa ay sababtay in baytariga lithium-ka firfircoon ee dib loo warshadeeyay uu batteriga cusub kordhiyo, marka la barbar dhigo baytariga cusub muddo gaaban gudahooda ee jaranjarada. Ha haysan faa'iido qiimo. Batariga cusub waxa kale oo laga yaabaa inuu ka fiican yahay baytariga lithium-ka firfircoon ee jaranjarada, sidaas darteed si adag u xaddidaya horumarka batteriga lithium-ion ee qashinka ah ee jihada jaranjarada.

Marka afraad, qiimaynta hadhaaga ah ee joogtaynta la'aanta warshadaha dib-u-warshadaynta baytariyada lithium-ion ee wadankeeyga ayaa wali ku jira bilowgeedii, waxaana wali ka maqan nidaamka falanqaynta xogta iyo nidaamka qiimaynta warshadaha. Inta lagu jiro habka soo kabashada, nolosha waxtarka leh ee awoodda batteriga, xawaaraha attenuation, dhacdo codsi oo kala duwan oo hoos yimaada awoodda batteriga, qiimaha walxaha ku jira batteriga, iyo tayada guud ee batteriga ayaa hadda la ururiyaa oo la aasaasay. Dhibaatooyinka kaydka xogta iwm.

Shanaad, xaaladaha kaydinta shabakada dib-u-warshadaynta waa xadidan yihiin, iyo tignoolajiyada muhiimka ah ee ka faa'iidaysigu waxay u baahan tahay inay ka gudubto dhismooyinka dib-u-warshadaynta. Waqtigan xaadirka ah, qaabka naqshadeynta xarumaha muhiimka ah ee dalkaygu waa iskood u dhisan, iyo shirkadda saddexaad ee dib u warshadaynta waxay dhistay shabakad dib u warshadayn ah. jaranjarada baytariyada lithium-ion ee wadankayga waa ay adagtahay in loo isticmaalo tignoolajiyada dib-u-habaynta, tignoolajiyada is dhexgalka kala duwan iyo tignoolajiyada saadaalinta nolosha.

Lixaad, wareegga eco silsiladda warshadaha ee aan weli la aasaasin. Dib-u-warshadaynta baytariyada lithium-ion ee dalkaygu waxay u qaybsantaa saddex heer marka loo eego silsiladda warshadaha ee kor iyo hoos: lakabka wax soo saarka, lakabka isticmaalka dhamaystiran iyo lakabka dib-u-cusboonaysiinta, hadda saddexdan heerar Go'doon, ma jiro giraan nololeed silsilad warshadeed oo leh guul guud. -Xaaladda guuleysiga, saddexda heer ee is-dhexgalka, xogta macluumaadka lama wadaago. Toddobaad, qalalaasaha suuqa dib u warshadaynta, waxa loogu yeero "shirkadda dib u warshadaynta baytariyada lithium ee tamarta leh" ma aysan yeelanin shahaadada soo kabashada baytari lithium awood leh; Waxa kale oo jira qayb ka mid ah qaybta dib u warshadaynta sidoo kale waa qayb shan ubax ah.

Jahwareerka suuqa dib-u-warshadaynta baytariga awoodda lithium, oo aan wali samaynayn nidaam dib u warshadayn oo qumman, oo si weyn u carqaladaynaya nidaamka horumarka caafimaadka suuqa. Falanqaynta suuqa ee warshadaha dib-u-warshadaynta batteriga lithium-ion ayaa si tartiib tartiib ah loo wanaajiyay inta lagu gudajiro gawaadhida korantada, gaar ahaan 2012-2018, heerka qaranku wuxuu soo bandhigay siyaasado badan oo soo kabashada batteriga ah, ujeeddadeeda muhiimka ah waa in la caddeeyo culayska mas'uuliyadda jidhka ugu weyn. Oo lagu daray warshadda batteriga, dib-u-warshadaynta nidaamka dib-u-warshadaynta.

Wakhtigan xaadirka ah, dalkaygu waxa uu ka shaqaynayaa sidii uu u dhisi lahaa bulsho deegaanka u saaxiib ah, taas oo ay ka go'an tahay in ay horumariyaan asal balaadhan oo ah dhaqaalaha kaarboon-yar, iyo dib u warshadaynta baytariyada lithium-ion waa la iftiimiyay. Horumarinta soo kabashada baytariyada lithium-ion iyo isticmaalka jaranjarada si looga hortago kheyraadka iyo wasakheynta deegaanka, waxay sidoo kale yeelan doontaa faa'iidooyin dhaqaale iyo fursado maalgashi oo la taaban karo. Iyada oo horumarinta joogtada ah ee baabuurta tamarta cusub, 2020 hawlgabka firfircoon ee lithium-ion suuqyada batteriga gaari karaan 10 bilyan yuan, "joojinta baytariyada" ayaa sidoo kale noqday cusub "Blue Badda" iyo "Puzzle" bulshada maanta.

Beiqi New Energy, BYD, Weima iyo shirkado kale ayaa heshiis iskaashi la saxeexday shirkadda awoodda badan ee dib u warshadaynta baytariyada lithium-ion ee warshadaha si kor loogu qaado horumarinta warshadaha dib u warshadaynta baytariyada lithium firfircoon. Soo koobid: Khubarada wax-soo-saarka warshadaha ayaa tilmaamay in maaddooyinka kakan awgeed, dib-u-warshadaynta baytariyada lithium-ion ay wajaheyso xannibaadyo badan iyo caqabado teknoolojiyad sare ah. Guud ahaan, dalkeeyga dib-u-warshadaynta baytariyada lithium-ion ee ku shaqeeya rajada dib-u-warshadaynta ayaa la filayaa, laakiin xaaladda hadda jirta maaha mid yididiilo leh, weli waxay u baahan tahay in si adag looga shaqeeyo sidii aan ula shaqayn lahaa dawladda.

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