Zeziphi iingxaki eziye zathwaxa uphuhliso lweshishini lokurisayikilisha?

2022/04/08

Umbhali :Iflowpower-UMboneleli weSikhululo saMandla esiphathwayo

Zeziphi iingxaki eziye zathwaxa uphuhliso loshishino lwamandla e-lithium-ion ukurisayikilisha ibhetri? Indlela yamandla ebhetri ye-lithium-ion "Ibhloko yeNdlela kunye nexesha elide", kwinkqubo yophuhliso loshishino, iya kuhlala idibana neeplasmine ezahlukeneyo kunye nemingeni, ngokutsho kwezibalo, ukuya kwi-2020 Ngonyaka, imfuno yeebhetri ze-lithium-ion ezinamandla ilizwe lam liya kufikelela kwi-125GWH, kwaye inkunkuma iya kufikelela kwi-32.2GWh, malunga neetoni ezingama-500,000. Iyintoni ingxaki yokuba uphuhliso lweshishini lwe-lithium-ion ibhetri ye-lithium-ion recycling iyaziwa kakuhle ukuba ukuhlaziywa kweebhetri ze-lithium ion inkunkuma yikhonkco ekufuneka i-automotive industry entsha isonjululwe.

Ngo-2020, ibhetri ye-lithium-ion yamandla exhotyiswe ngesithuthi samandla esitsha selizwe lam iya kuqala ingenise amaza asele esidla umhlala phantsi. Okwangoku, imveliso yelizwe lam i-lithium-ion yokuphinda isetyenziswe ibhetri isendleleni eya kuphuhliso oluzinzileyo, kwaye kusekho obu bunzima bulandelayo: Okokuqala, iimodeli zebhetri zintsonkothile kwiibhetri zelizwe lam ezidla umhlalaphantsi ze-lithium-ion, kunye neenkcukacha zebhetri eziveliswa ngu. ngamnye umenzi ibhetri lithium-ion ezahlukeneyo, imodeli ibhetri intsonkothile, ezahlukeneyo, ukurisayikilisha imodeli enye ibhetri kunzima ukwenza isikali, iindleko zokurisayikilishwa, ukuthintela umgangatho, automation, kunye nenkqubo ekrelekrele ngexesha ukubuyiswa amandla lithium ibhetri. Yonke inkqubo yokuphinda isetyenziswe kunye nokuphatha inkunkuma ye-lithium-ion ibhetri ye-pack ibandakanya amanyathelo amaninzi, abandakanya iminyango emininzi ye-cross-disciplines efana ne-physics, i-chemistry, izinto, ubunjineli kunye nobuchwepheshe obude.

Iindlela zobugcisa kunye neendlela zokususa ezikhethiweyo yinkampani nganye zihluke, ezikhokelela ekujikelezweni okuncinci kobugcisa kwishishini, iindleko eziphezulu zobugcisa. Okwesibini, i-lithium iron phosphate ion ibhetri iphinde yafumana ukunqongophala kwengeniso Ngokwezibalo, kwilizwe lam ibhetri ye-lithium edla umhlala-phantsi, ibhetri ye-iron phosphate ion ithatha kakhulu, iibhetri ze-lithium iron phosphate ion kwi-annivier recovery, ngenxa yexabiso layo eliphantsi, inzuzo encinci. Umda, inkampani yamandla e-lithium yokurisayikilisha ibhetri iphantsi kohlaziyo. Okwesithathu, ixabiso lokuphinda lisetyenziswe liphezulu kumandla elizwe lam ibhetri ye-lithium-ion kwikhonkco lokubuyisela, kwaye ixabiso lokuphinda lisetyenziswe liphezulu.

Ibangele ibhetri ye-lithium ehlaziyiweyo yokwandisa ibhetri entsha, xa kuthelekiswa nebhetri entsha ngexesha elifutshane kwileli. Musa ukuba nenzuzo yexabiso. Ibhetri entsha inokuba ngcono kunebhetri ye-lithium yeleli, ngoko ithintele kakhulu ukuqhubela phambili kwenkunkuma eguquguqukayo yebhetri ye-lithium-ion kwicala leleli.

Okwesine, ukunqongophala kovavanyo lokungaguquguquki kwamandla elizwe lam i-lithium-ion yoshishino lokurisayikilisha ibhetri isekwisiqalo, kwaye kusekho inkqubo yokuhlalutya idatha kunye nenkqubo yovavanyo kushishino. Ngexesha lenkqubo yokubuyisela, ubomi obuncedo bomthamo webhetri, isantya sokunciphisa, imeko eyahlukeneyo yesicelo phantsi komthamo webhetri, ixabiso lezinto eziqulethwe kwibhetri, kunye nomgangatho webhetri jikelele uqokelelwa kwaye usekwe. Ubunzima kwisiseko sedatha, njl.

Okwesihlanu, iimeko zokugcina uthungelwano lokurisayikilisha zikhawulelwe, kwaye iteknoloji engundoqo yosetyenziso olubanzi ifuna ukutyhutyha ulwakhiwo lweendawo zokuphinda zisetyenziswe. Okwangoku, imodeli yoyilo lweendawo ezibalulekileyo zelizwe lam zakhiwe ngokwazo, kwaye inkampani yesithathu yokurisayikilisha iye yakha inethiwekhi yokurisayikilisha. Ileli yebhetri ye-lithium-ion yelizwe lam kunzima ukuyisebenzisa kwitekhnoloji ephinda-phindayo, itekhnoloji yokudibanisa edityanisiweyo kunye netekhnoloji yokuqikelela ubomi.

Okwesithandathu, i-industrial chain eco circle engekasekwa. ilizwe lam amandla lithium-ion ibhetri recycling yahlulwe ngokwamanqanaba amathathu ngokutsho phezulu kunye ezantsi ikhonkco ishishini: umaleko imveliso, umaleko olubanzi ukusetyenziswa kunye umaleko ngokutsha, okwangoku la manqanaba mathathu Isolated, akukho ring ubomi umxokelelwane wezoshishino enokuphumelela okuqhelekileyo. -imeko yokuphumelela, amanqanaba amathathu e-synergy, idatha yolwazi ayabiwa. Okwesixhenxe, isiphithiphithi semarike yokubuyisela kwakhona, ebizwa ngokuba yi "inkampani ye-lithium yokuphinda isetyenziswe ibhetri" ayizange ibe nesiqinisekiso sokubuyisela ibhetri ye-lithium enamandla; kukwakho nenxalenye yodidi lokurisayikilisha kwakhona ludidi lweentyatyambo ezintlanu.

I-Lithium ibhetri yokurisayikilisha yemarike yesiphithiphithi, okwangoku ayikabikho inkqubo egqibeleleyo yokurisayikilisha, iphazamisa kakhulu ulungelelwaniso lophuhliso lwempilo yentengiso. Uhlalutyo lwemarike ye-lithium-ion i-recycling ye-betri ye-recycling iphuculwa ngokuthe ngcembe ngexesha lokungeniswa kwezithuthi zombane, ngokukodwa kwi-2012-2018, inqanaba likazwelonke liye lazisa imigaqo-nkqubo emininzi yokubuyisela ibhetri, kwaye injongo yayo ebalulekileyo kukucacisa umthwalo woxanduva lomzimba oyintloko. Kwaye kudityaniswe nomzi-mveliso webhetri, ukurisayikilishwa kwenkqubo yokurisayikilishwa.

Okwangoku, ilizwe lam lisebenzela ukwakha uluntu olunobume bendalo, oluzibophelele ekuphuhliseni imvelaphi enkulu yoqoqosho lwekhabhoni ephantsi, kunye nokuhlaziywa kweebhetri ze-lithium-ion kugxininiswe. Ukuphuhlisa amandla okubuyisela ibhetri ye-lithium-ion kunye nokusetyenziswa kweleli ekuthinteleni izixhobo kunye nongcoliseko lwendalo, kuya kuba neenzuzo ezinkulu zoqoqosho kunye namathuba otyalo-mali. Ngophuhliso oluqhubekayo lwezithuthi zamandla amatsha, iimarike zebhetri ze-lithium-ion ezidla umhlala-phantsi ze-2020 zinokufikelela kwi-10 yeebhiliyoni zeeyuan, "ukupheliswa kweebhetri" kuye kwaba "luLwandle oluBlue" kunye "nePuzzle" kuluntu namhlanje.

I-Beiqi New Energy, i-BYD, i-Weima kunye nezinye iinkampani zisayine isivumelwano sentsebenziswano kunye nenkampani enamandla yokubuyisela ibhetri ye-lithium-ion kwishishini ukukhuthaza uphuhliso loshishino oluguquguqukayo lwebhetri ye-lithium. Isishwankathelo: Abangaphakathi kwishishini babonise ukuba ngenxa yezithako ezinzima, ukuphinda kusetyenziswe ibhetri ye-lithium-ion kujongene nezithintelo ezininzi kunye nezithintelo zobuchwepheshe obuphezulu. Ngokubanzi, ithemba lelizwe lam lokuphinda lisetyenziswe ibhetri ye-lithium-ion lilindelwe, kodwa imeko yangoku ayinathemba, kusafuneka sisebenze nzima ukusebenzisana norhulumente.

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